Twenty-First Century Fox is a diversified global media and entertainment company with operations in cable network programming, TV, and filmed entertainment.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$11.15||26.7%||8.1%||0.5%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||28.8%||10.7%||5%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
The Company's Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock are listed and traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE"), its principal market, under the symbols "NWS.A" and "NWS", respectively... Class A Common Stock carry rights to a greater dividend than Class B Common Stock through fiscal 2007. As such, net income available to the Company's stockholders is allocated between the Company's two classes of common stock, Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The allocation between the classes of common stock was based upon the two-class method. See Notes 2 and 20 to the Consolidated Financial Statements of News Corporation for further discussion. In fiscal 2008, shares of Class A Common Stock cease to carry any rights to a greater dividend than shares of Class B Common Stock... Net income (loss) is apportioned to both Class A shareholders and Class B shareholders on the ratio of 1.2 to 1, respectively, in accordance with the rights of the shareholders as described in the Company's Certificate of Incorporation. In order to give effect to this apportionment when determining EPS, the weighted average Class A share is increased by 20% (the "Adjusted Class") and is then compared to the sum of the weighted average Class B shares and the weighted average Adjusted Class. The resulting percentage is then applied to the Net income (loss) to determine the apportionment for the Class A shareholders with the balance attributable to the Class B shareholders... In addition, the Company has also adopted a stockholder rights plan, which would cause extreme dilution to any person or group that attempts to acquire a significant interest in the Company without advance approval of its Board of Directors. Further, as a result of Mr. K. Rupert Murdoch's ability to appoint certain members of the board of directors of the corporate trustee of AE Harris Trust, which beneficially owns 2.6% of the Company's Class A Common Stock and 28.9% of its Class B Common Stock, Mr. K. Rupert Murdoch may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the shares beneficially owned by AE Harris Trust. Mr. K. Rupert Murdoch, however, disclaims any beneficial ownership of those shares. Also, Mr. K. Rupert Murdoch beneficially owns an additional 0.8% of the Company's Class A Common Stock and 1.0% of its Class B Common Stock. Thus, Mr. K. Rupert Murdoch may be deemed to beneficially own in the aggregate 3.3% of the Company's Class A Common Stock and 29.9% of its Class B Common Stock...
In March 2005, Fox Acquisition Corp, a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, completed its offer to the holders of Class A common stock of Fox Entertainment Group, Inc. ("FEG") to exchange 2.04 shares of the Company's Class A common stock for each outstanding share of FEG's Class A common stock validly tendered and not withdrawn in the exchange offer (the "Offer"). Shortly thereafter, the Company effected a "short form" merger of FEG with and into Fox Acquisition Corp. Each share of FEG Class A common stock not acquired in the Offer, other than the shares owned by the Company, was converted in the "short form" merger into 2.04 shares of the Company's Class A common stock. The Company issued approximately 357 million shares of News Corporation's Class A Common Stock valued at approximately $6.3 billion in exchange for the outstanding FEG Class A common shares. After the consummation of the offer and the subsequent merger, Fox Acquisition Corp changed its name to "Fox Entertainment Group, Inc." As a result of the Offer, the Company's ownership interest increased from approximately 82% to 100%.
In February 2008, the Company closed the previously announced transaction contemplated by the share exchange agreement (the "Share Exchange Agreement") with Liberty Media Corporation ("Liberty"). Pursuant to the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement, Liberty exchanged its entire interest in the Company's common stock (approximately 325 million shares of Class A Common Stock and 188 million shares of News Corporation Class B Common Stock) for 100% of a subsidiary of the Company, whose holdings consisted of the Company's approximately 41% interest (approximately 470 million shares) in The DIRECTV Group, Inc. ("DIRECTV") constituting the Company's entire interest in DIRECTV, three of the Company's Regional Sports Networks (FSN Northwest, FSN Pittsburgh and FSN Rocky Mountain) (the "Three RSNs") and approximately $625 million in cash (the "Exchange"). The Exchange resulted in the divestiture of the Company's entire interest in DIRECTV, and the Three RSNs to Liberty. The consideration was negotiated between the parties and the Share Exchange Agreement was approved by the disinterested stockholders of the Company. A tax-free gain of $1.7 billion on the Exchange was recognized in Other, net in the unaudited consolidated statement of operations for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2008.
On June 28, 2013, the Company completed the Separation of its business into two independent publicly traded companies by distributing to its stockholders all of the outstanding shares of News Corp. The Company retained its interests in a global portfolio of media and entertainment assets spanning six continents. News Corp holds the Company's former businesses including newspapers, information services and integrated marketing services, digital real estate services, book publishing, digital education and sports programming and pay-TV distribution in Australia. The Company completed the Separation by distributing to its stockholders one share of News Corp Class A common stock for every four shares of the Company's Class A common stock held on June 21, 2013, and one share of News Corp Class B common stock for every four shares of the Company's Class B common stock held on June 21, 2013. The Company's stockholders received cash in lieu of fractional shares. Following the Separation the Company does not beneficially own any shares of News Corp Class A common stock or News Corp Class B common stock.
The Board has authorized a stock repurchase program, under which the Company is currently authorized to acquire Class A Common Stock. The remaining authorized amount under the Company's stock repurchase program as of June 30, 2014, excluding commissions, was approximately $0.6 billion. In August 2014, the Company announced that the Board approved an additional $6 billion authorization, excluding commissions, to the Company's stock repurchase program for the repurchase of Class A Common Stock. The Company intends to complete this stock repurchase program by August 2015.