UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _____________ TO _____________

Commission File Number: 001-12421


 
NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
 
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 

Delaware
 
87-0565309
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 
75 WEST CENTER STREET
PROVO, UTAH 84601
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
     
 
(801) 345-1000
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   ☑
Accelerated filer   ☐
Non-accelerated filer   ☐
Smaller reporting company  ☐
 
Emerging growth company  ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No 

As of April 23, 2019, 55,486,600 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock, $.001 par value per share, were outstanding.



NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q – FIRST QUARTER 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   
Page
Part I.
Financial Information
 
 
Item 1.
 
   
1
   
2
   
3
   
4
   
5
   
6
 
Item 2.
18
 
Item 3.
24
 
Item 4.
24
       
Part II.
Other Information
 
 
Item 1.
25
 
Item 1A.
25
 
Item 2.
26
 
Item 3.
26
 
Item 4.
26
 
Item 5.
26
 
Item 6.
26
       
  27

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, references to “dollars” and “$” are to United States (“U.S.”) dollars.

Nu Skin, Pharmanex, and ageLOC are our trademarks. The italicized product names used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are product names and also, in certain cases, our trademarks.


PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(U.S. dollars in thousands)

   
March 31,
2019
   
December 31,
2018
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
310,288
   
$
386,911
 
Current investments
   
8,038
     
11,346
 
Accounts receivable
   
57,390
     
53,282
 
Inventories, net
   
304,311
     
295,821
 
Prepaid expenses and other
   
67,655
     
51,877
 
Total current assets
   
747,682
     
799,237
 
                 
Property and equipment, net
   
445,605
     
464,535
 
Right-of-use assets
   
117,329
     
 
Goodwill
   
196,573
     
196,573
 
Other intangible assets, net
   
86,935
     
89,989
 
Other assets
   
160,977
     
144,112
 
Total assets
 
$
1,755,101
   
$
1,694,446
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
 
$
52,273
   
$
47,617
 
Accrued expenses
   
304,770
     
322,583
 
Current portion of long-term debt
   
45,000
     
69,455
 
Total current liabilities
   
402,043
     
439,655
 
                 
Operating lease liabilities
   
81,075
     
 
Long-term debt
   
356,247
     
361,008
 
Other liabilities
   
104,541
     
111,916
 
Total liabilities
   
943,906
     
912,579
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
               
                 
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Class A common stock – 500 million shares authorized, $0.001 par value, 90.6 million shares issued
   
91
     
91
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
553,270
     
552,564
 
Treasury stock, at cost – 35.0 million and 35.2 million shares
   
(1,325,251
)
   
(1,326,605
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
(75,794
)
   
(79,934
)
Retained earnings
   
1,658,879
     
1,635,751
 
Total stockholders’ equity
   
811,195
     
781,867
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
1,755,101
   
$
1,694,446
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

1

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)
(U.S. dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Revenue
 
$
623,623
   
$
616,219
 
Cost of sales
   
146,664
     
146,281
 
Gross profit
   
476,959
     
469,938
 
                 
Operating expenses:
               
Selling expenses
   
249,708
     
257,702
 
General and administrative expenses
   
158,598
     
153,246
 
Total operating expenses
   
408,306
     
410,948
 
                 
Operating income
   
68,653
     
58,990
 
Other income (expense), net
   
(2,848
)
   
1,207
 
                 
Income before provision for income taxes
   
65,805
     
60,197
 
Provision for income taxes
   
22,803
     
24,658
 
                 
Net income
 
$
43,002
   
$
35,539
 
                 
Net income per share (Note 6):
               
Basic
 
$
0.78
   
$
0.66
 
Diluted
 
$
0.77
   
$
0.64
 
                 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (000s):
               
Basic
   
55,436
     
53,997
 
Diluted
   
56,128
     
55,959
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

2

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
(U.S. dollars in thousands)

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Net income
 
$
43,002
   
$
35,539
 
                 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
               
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of taxes of $(145) and $854 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively
   
4,140
     
11,047
 
Net unrealized gains/(losses) on foreign currency cash flow hedges, net of taxes of zero and $28 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively
   
     
(247
)
Reclassification adjustment for realized losses/(gains) in current earnings, net of taxes of zero and $(5) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively
   
     
44
 
     
4,140
     
10,844
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
47,142
   
$
46,383
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited)
(U.S. dollars in thousands)

   
Class A
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Treasury
Stock
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
   
Retained
Earnings
   
Total
 
                                     
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
91
   
$
466,349
   
$
(1,304,694
)
 
$
(66,318
)
 
$
1,609,168
   
$
704,596
 
                                                 
Cumulative effect adjustment from adoption of ASC 606
   
     
     
     
     
(13,042
)
   
(13,042
)
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
35,539
     
35,539
 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
   
     
     
     
10,844
     
     
10,844
 
Repurchase of Class A common stock (Note 6)
   
     
     
(17,386
)
   
     
     
(17,386
)
Exercise of employee stock options (0.3 million shares)/vesting of stock awards
   
     
(3,199
)
   
3,498
     
     
     
299
 
Stock-based compensation
   
     
6,761
     
     
     
     
6,761
 
Business Acquisitions (1.4 million shares)
   
     
76,584
     
18,109
     
     
     
94,693
 
Equity component of convertible note settlement (net)
   
     
(23,262
)
   
19,887
     
     
     
(3,375
)
Cash dividends
   
     
     
     
     
(19,801
)
   
(19,801
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
91
   
$
523,233
   
$
(1,280,586
)
 
$
(55,474
)
 
$
1,611,864
   
$
799,128
 
                                                 
Balance at January 1, 2019
 
$
91
   
$
552,564
   
$
(1,326,605
)
 
$
(79,934
)
 
$
1,635,751
   
$
781,867
 
                                                 
Cumulative effect adjustment from adoption of ASC 842
   
     
     
     
     
657
     
657
 
Net income
   
     
     
     
     
43,002
     
43,002
 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
   
     
     
     
4,140
     
     
4,140
 
Repurchase of Class A common stock (Note 6)
   
     
     
(825
)
   
     
     
(825
)
Exercise of employee stock options (0.2 million shares)/vesting of stock awards
   
     
(4,335
)
   
2,179
     
     
     
(2,156
)
Stock-based compensation
   
     
5,041
     
     
     
     
5,041
 
Cash dividends
   
     
     
     
     
(20,531
)
   
(20,531
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
91
   
$
553,270
   
$
(1,325,251
)
 
$
(75,794
)
 
$
1,658,879
   
$
811,195
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(U.S. dollars in thousands)

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net income
 
$
43,002
   
$
35,539
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
19,607
     
18,907
 
Equity method earnings
   
     
(456
)
Gain on step acquisitions
   
     
(13,644
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
   
     
7,220
 
Foreign currency losses
   
458
     
1,764
 
Stock-based compensation
   
5,041
     
6,761
 
Deferred taxes
   
1,668
     
10,062
 
Non-cash lease expense
   
11,375
     
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
(4,145
)
   
(8,589
)
Inventories, net
   
(7,271
)
   
(6,624
)
Prepaid expenses and other
   
(15,540
)
   
(12,915
)
Other assets
   
(180
)
   
(974
)
Accounts payable
   
5,157
     
2,179
 
Accrued expenses
   
(68,842
)
   
(36,230
)
Other liabilities
   
1,484
     
(4,113
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
(8,186
)
   
(1,113
)
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchases of property and equipment
   
(13,765
)
   
(12,652
)
Proceeds on investment sales
   
7,444
     
7,781
 
Purchases of investments
   
(4,321
)
   
(4,539
)
Acquisitions and investments in equity investees
   
(7,500
)
   
(33,061
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(18,142
)
   
(42,471
)
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Exercise of employee stock options and taxes paid related to the net shares settlement of stock awards
   
(2,156
)
   
299
 
Payments of debt
   
(134,455
)
   
(9,094
)
Payment of cash dividends
   
(20,531
)
   
(19,801
)
Proceeds from debt
   
105,000
     
75,943
 
Repurchases of shares of common stock
   
(825
)
   
(17,386
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(52,967
)
   
29,961
 
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
   
2,672
     
8,708
 
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
(76,623
)
   
(4,915
)
                 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
386,911
     
426,399
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
310,288
   
$
421,484
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1.
The Company

Nu Skin Enterprises, Inc. (the “Company”) is a holding company, with Nu Skin, a leading, global direct selling company, being the primary operating unit.  Nu Skin develops and distributes premium-quality, innovative personal care products and nutritional supplements that are sold worldwide under the Nu Skin and Pharmanex brands and a small number of other products and services. Over the last several years, Nu Skin has introduced new Pharmanex nutritional supplements and Nu Skin personal care products under its ageLOC anti-aging brand. The Company reports revenue from nine segments, consisting of its seven geographic Nu Skin segments—Mainland China; South Korea; Southeast Asia, which includes Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam; Americas/Pacific, which includes Australia, Canada, Latin America, New Caledonia, New Zealand and the United States; Japan; Hong Kong/Taiwan, which also includes Macau; and Europe, Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”), which includes several markets in Europe as well as Israel, Russia and South Africa—its Manufacturing segment, which includes the manufacturing and packaging subsidiaries it acquired in the first quarter of 2018; and its Grow Tech segment, which  focuses on a long-term strategy for consistently sourcing pure, effective and sustainable ingredients for use in the Company’s products, while also exploring applications in other industries (the Company’s subsidiaries operating within each segment are collectively referred to as the “Subsidiaries”).

2.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its Subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial information as of March 31, 2019, and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. The results of operations of any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the fiscal year. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 has been prepared using information from the audited financial statements at that date. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The new revenue recognition standard provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard was effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018. As a result of adopting this new accounting guidance, the Company has changed the method of accounting for its loyalty points program from a cost provision method to a deferred revenue method. The Company adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. The cumulative impact of adoption was a $13.0 million net reduction to beginning retained earnings. See Note 2 – Revenue Recognition.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Subtopic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires companies to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. For public companies, this standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted.  The Company adopted the new standard effective January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company elected the package of practical expedients available under the transition provisions of the new lease standard, including: not reassessing whether expired or existing contract are or contain leases; not reassessing the classification of expired or existing leases; not reassessing the initial direct cost for any existing leases; and using hindsight in determining the lease term.  As a result of adopting this new accounting guidance, the Company derecognized the build-to-suit assets and liabilities that remained on the balance sheet following the construction period, along with recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for operating leases.  The cumulative impact of adoption was a $0.7 million increase to beginning retained earnings. See Note 5 - Leases.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This guidance simplifies the required test of goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. If a company determines in Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test that the carrying value of a reporting unit is less than the fair value, an impairment in that amount should be recorded to the income statement, rather than proceeding to Step 2. This ASU is effective for interim and annual impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has elected to early adopt the new standard effective January 1, 2019. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

6

In December 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. The new standard makes more financial and non-financial hedging strategies eligible for hedge accounting. It also amends the presentation and disclosure requirements and changes how companies assess effectiveness. For public companies, the amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. This ASU was effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2019. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement – Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. This guidance provides an option to reclassify from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has elected to early adopt the standard effective October 1, 2018.  The cumulative impact of adoption was a $1.7 million net reduction to beginning retained earnings.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. This guidance modifies, removes, and adds certain disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods therein.  Early adoption is permitted.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.

Inventory

Inventories consist of the following (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
March 31,
2019
   
December 31,
2018
 
             
Raw materials
 
$
89,984
   
$
91,610
 
Finished goods
   
214,327
     
204,211
 
Total Inventory, net
 
$
304,311
   
$
295,821
 

Revenue Recognition

Adoption of ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with historic accounting under Topic 605.

The Company recorded a net reduction to opening retained earnings of $13.0 million, net of tax, as of January 1, 2018 due to the cumulative impact of adopting Topic 606, with the impact primarily related to the Company’s loyalty point program deferrals. The impact to revenues as a result of applying Topic 606 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019, and 2018 was an increase of $0.5 million and an increase of $1.3 million, respectively.

Revenue Recognition

Net sales include products and shipping and handling charges, net of estimates for product returns and any related sales incentives. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products. All revenue is recognized when the Company satisfies the performance obligations under the contract. The Company recognizes revenue by transferring the promised products to the customer, with revenue recognized at shipping point, the point in time the customer obtains control of the products. The Company recognizes revenue for shipping and handling charges at the time the products are delivered to or picked up by the customer. The Company estimates product returns based on historical return rates. The majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation and are short term in nature. Sales taxes and value added taxes in foreign jurisdictions that are collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from net sales.

Contract Liabilities – Customer Loyalty Programs

Contract liabilities, recorded as deferred revenue within the accrued expenses line in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, include loyalty point program deferrals with certain customers which are accounted for as a reduction in the transaction price and are generally recognized as points are redeemed for additional products on an annual basis.

7

The balance of deferred revenue related to contract liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 was $13.3 million and $13.8 million respectively.

Disaggregation of Revenue

Please refer to Note 10 - Segment Information for revenue by segment and product line.

Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations

The Company’s contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, the Company allocates revenues to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. The Company generally determines standalone selling prices based on the prices charged to customers for individual products sales to customers.

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

The Company generally expenses sales commissions when incurred because the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded within selling expenses.

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

Leases

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, accrued expenses, and operating lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company has not separately disclosed finance leases, as they are not material, either individually or in the aggregate, to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Operating lease ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the estimated present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses their estimated incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives and initial direct costs incurred. The Company’s lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. Lease expense for minimum lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any residual value guarantees.

The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components. The Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

3.
Goodwill

During the first quarter of 2019, the Company reorganized the structure of the segments to separately disclose the Manufacturing entities that were acquired in the first quarter of 2018 and the Grow Tech segment, both of which were previously included in the Other category. The Company’s reporting units for goodwill are its operating segments, which are also its reportable segments.

The following table presents goodwill allocated to the Company’s reportable segments for the periods ended March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
March 31,
2019
   
December 31,
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
32,179
   
$
32,179
 
Americas/Pacific
   
9,449
     
9,449
 
South Korea
   
29,261
     
29,261
 
Southeast Asia
   
18,537
     
18,537
 
Japan
   
16,019
     
16,019
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
6,634
     
6,634
 
EMEA
   
2,875
     
2,875
 
Manufacturing
   
72,469
     
72,469
 
Grow Tech
   
9,150
     
9,150
 
Total
 
$
196,573
   
$
196,573
 

8

4.
Debt

Previous Credit Agreement

On October 9, 2014, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Previous Credit Agreement”) with various financial institutions, and Bank of America, N.A. as administrative agent. The Previous Credit Agreement provided for a $127.5 million term loan facility, a 6.6 billion Japanese yen term loan facility and a $187.5 million revolving credit facility, each with a term of five years. On October 10, 2014, the Company drew the full amount of the term loan facilities. On April 18, 2018, the Company repaid the full balance that was outstanding under the Previous Credit Agreement.

Existing Credit Agreement

On April 18, 2018, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Existing Credit Agreement”) with several financial institutions as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent. The Existing Credit Agreement provides for a $400 million term loan facility and a $350 million revolving credit facility, each with a term of five years. Concurrently with the closing of the Existing Credit Agreement, the Company drew the full amount of the term loan facility and $78.5 million of the revolving facility, each of which initially bear interest at the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), plus 2.25%. The interest rate applicable to the facilities is subject to adjustment based on the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio. The term loan facility will amortize in quarterly installments in amounts resulting in an annual amortization of 5.0% during the first and second years, 7.5% during the third and fourth years and 10.0% during the fifth year after the closing date of the Existing Credit Agreement, with the remainder payable at final maturity. The Existing Credit Agreement requires the Company to maintain a consolidated leverage ratio not exceeding 2.25 to 1.00 and a consolidated interest coverage ratio of no less than 3.00 to 1.00.

Convertible Note

On June 16, 2016, the Company issued $210.0 million of convertible senior notes (the “Convertible Notes”) in a private offering to a Chinese investor (the “Holder”). The Convertible Notes were senior unsecured obligations which ranked equal in right of payment to all senior unsecured indebtedness of the Company and ranked senior in right of payment to any indebtedness that was contractually subordinated to the Convertible Notes. Interest on the Convertible Notes was payable semiannually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 of each year at a rate of 4.75% per annum.

The Convertible Notes had a stated maturity date of June 15, 2020, unless repurchased or converted prior to maturity. Prior to the stated maturity date, the Company could, at its option, redeem all or part of the Convertible Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, provided that its common stock share price was equal to or exceeded 180% of the applicable conversion price for 20 or more trading days (including the final three trading days) in the 30 consecutive trading days prior to the Company’s exercise of such redemption right. The Holder of the Convertible Notes could, at its option, cause the Company to repurchase all of such Holder’s Convertible Notes or any portion thereof that was equal to $1,000 in principal amount or multiples of $1,000 upon a change in control or a termination of trading of the Company’s common stock, as those terms were defined in the indenture governing the Convertible Notes. In addition, the Holder of the Convertible Notes had the right, at such Holder’s option, to convert all or any portion thereof that is equal to $1,000 in principal amount or multiples of $1,000 at any time beginning six calendar months following June 16, 2016, at the then-applicable conversion rate. Upon conversion by the Holder, the Convertible Notes would be settled in cash with respect to principal and any accrued and unpaid interest to such date and in the Company’s common shares with respect to any additional amounts, based on the applicable conversion rate at such time. The Convertible Notes had an initial conversion rate of 21.5054 common shares per $1,000 principal amount of the Convertible Notes (which is equal to an initial conversion price of approximately $46.50 per common share).  Throughout the term of the Convertible Notes, the conversion rate could be adjusted upon the occurrence of certain specified events.

Of the $210.0 million in proceeds received from the issuance of the Convertible Notes, $199.1 million was originally allocated to long-term debt (the “Liability Component”) and $10.9 million was allocated to additional paid-in capital (the “Equity Component”) within the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The Liability Component was calculated by measuring the fair value of a similar debt instrument that does not have an associated conversion feature. The amount allocated to the Equity Component, representing the conversion option, was calculated by deducting the fair value of the Liability Component from the par value of the Convertible Notes. The Company determined that the conversion option did not require separate accounting treatment as a derivative instrument because it was both indexed to the Company’s own stock and would be classified in stockholders’ equity if freestanding. The Equity Component would not be remeasured as long as it continued to meet the conditions for equity classification. The excess of the principal amount of the Liability Component over its carrying amount (the “Debt Discount”) was amortized to interest expense over the term of the Convertible Notes. As a result, the Liability Component was accreted up to the Convertible Notes’ $210.0 million face value, resulting in additional non-cash interest expense being recognized within the Company’s consolidated statement of income. The effective interest rate on the Convertible Notes was approximately 7.1% per annum.

9

The Company incurred approximately $6.6 million of issuance costs related to the issuance of the Convertible Notes. Of the $6.6 million in issuance costs incurred, $6.3 million and $0.3 million were recorded to deferred financing cost and additional paid-in capital, respectively, in proportion to the allocation of the proceeds of the Convertible Notes. The $6.3 million recorded to deferred financing cost on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as a reduction of long-term debt was amortized over the contractual term of the Convertible Notes using the effective interest method. During the first quarter of 2018 the issuance costs were expensed due to the conversion of the Notes.

During the first quarter of 2018, the Holder elected to convert the Convertible Notes pursuant to their terms in the indenture. The Company satisfied the equity portion of its conversion obligation on February 28, 2018 by issuing 1,535,652 shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock to the Holder and, on April 18, 2018, satisfied and discharged its obligations under the Convertible Notes and the indenture governing the Convertible Notes by paying the Holder $213.4 million which included $3.4 million of accrued interest from December 15, 2017 through April 17, 2018. The early conversion of the notes resulted in a $7.2 million charge to other income (expense) during the first quarter of 2018 for a loss on extinguishment of debt.

The following table summarizes the Company’s debt facilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

Facility or
Arrangement
 
Original
Principal
Amount
   
Balance as of
March 31,
2019(1)(2)
   
Balance as of
December 31,
2018(2)
 
Interest
Rate
 
Repayment
Terms
                               
April 2018 Credit Agreement term loan facility
  $
400.0 million
    $
 380.0 million
 
    $
385.0 million
 
Variable 30 day: 4.75%
 
 
35% of the principal amount is payable in increasing quarterly installments over a five-year period that began on June 30, 2018, with the remainder payable at the end of the five-year term.
 
                               
April 2018 Credit Agreement revolving credit facility
          $
25.0 million
    $
49.5 million
 
Variable 30 day: 4.82%
 
Revolving line of credit expires April 18, 2023.

(1)
As of March 31, 2019, the current portion of the Company’s debt (i.e. becoming due in the next 12 months) included $20.0 million of the balance of its term loan under the Existing Credit Agreement facility. The Company has classified the $25.0 million borrowed under the revolving line of credit as short-term debt because it is the Company’s intention to use the line of credit to borrow and pay back funds over short periods of time.

(2)
The carrying value of the debt reflects the amounts stated in the above table less debt issuance costs of $3.8 million as of March 31, 2019 related to the credit agreement.

5.
Leases

The Company has operating and finance leases for regional offices, manufacturing facilities, retail centers, distribution centers and certain equipment. The Company’s leases have remaining lease terms of 1 year to 15 years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to 10 years, and some of which include options to terminate the leases within 1 year.  As of March 31, 2019, the weighted average remaining lease term and weighted average discount rate for operating leases was 4.1 years and 4.8%.  The Company has not separately disclosed finance leases, as they are not material, either individually or in the aggregate, to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

The components of lease expense were as follows (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Three Months
Ended March 31,
2019
 
       
Operating lease cost
 
$
12,861
 
Short-term lease cost
   
52
 
Variable lease cost
   
1,052
 
   
$
13,965
 

10

As of March 31, 2019, the Company had $117.3 million of operating right-of-use assets on the balance sheet, along with $38.9 million and $81.1 million of operating lease liabilities in accrued expenses and long-term operating lease liabilities, respectively.

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Three Months
Ended March 31,
2019
 
       
Operating cash outflow from operating leases
 
$
14,377
 
         
ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations
   
128,704
 

Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows (U.S. dollars in thousands):

 
Year Ending December 31,
 
Operating
leases
 
       
2019
 
$
43,686
 
2020
   
33,522
 
2021
   
23,544
 
2022
   
13,187
 
2023
   
8,542
 
Thereafter
   
10,398
 
Total
   
132,879
 
Less: Finance charges
   
12,899
 
Total principal liability
 
$
119,980
 

The Company has additional lease liabilities of $2.6 million which have not yet commenced as of March 31, 2019, and as such, have not been recognized on the Company’s Consolidated balance sheet.

Under ASC 840, minimum future operating leases and financing obligations at December 31, 2018 are as follows (U.S. dollars in thousands):

 
Year Ending December 31,
 
Operating
leases
   
Finance
leases
 
             
2019
 
$
39,358
   
$
726
 
2020
   
27,553
     
748
 
2021
   
20,266
     
757
 
2022
   
11,723
     
770
 
2023
   
9,950
     
794
 
Thereafter
   
7,628
     
1,148
 
Total minimum lease payments
 
$
116,478
   
$
4,943
 

6.
Capital Stock

Net income per share

Net income per share is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented. Additionally, diluted earnings per share data gives effect to all potentially dilutive common shares that were outstanding during the periods presented. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, stock options of 1.0 million and 0.9 million, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because they were anti-dilutive.

Dividends

In February 2019, the Company’s board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.37 per share. This quarterly cash dividend of $20.5 million was paid on March 13, 2019 to stockholders of record on February 25, 2019. In April 2019, the board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.37 per share to be paid on June 12, 2019 to shareholders of record on May 31, 2019.

11

Repurchase of common stock

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company repurchased approximately 14,000 shares and 0.2 million shares of its Class A common stock under its open market stock repurchase plans for $0.8 million and $17.4 million, respectively.  As of March 31, 2019, $470.2 million was available for repurchases under the Company’s open market stock repurchase plan.

7.
Fair Value

The carrying value of financial instruments including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair values due to the short-term nature of these instruments.  Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information.

The FASB Codification defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. On a quarterly basis, the Company measures at fair value certain financial assets, including cash equivalents. Accounting standards specify a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to those valuation techniques are observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s market assumptions. These two types of inputs have created the following fair-value hierarchy:


Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2 – inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly;

Level 3 – unobservable inputs based on the Company’s own assumptions.

Accounting standards permit companies, at their option, to measure certain financial instruments and other eligible items at fair value. The Company has elected not to apply the fair value option to existing eligible items beyond what is required by US GAAP.

The following tables present the fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Fair Value at March 31, 2019
 
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
 
Financial assets (liabilities):
                       
Cash equivalents and current investments
 
$
32,326
   
$
   
$
   
$
32,326
 
Other long-term assets
   
3,496
     
     
     
3,496
 
Life insurance contracts
   
     
     
38,516
     
38,516
 
Total
 
$
35,822
   
$
   
$
38,516
   
$
74,338
 

   
Fair Value at December 31, 2018
 
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Total
 
Financial assets (liabilities):
                       
Cash equivalents and current investments
 
$
35,260
   
$
   
$
   
$
35,260
 
Other long-term assets
   
3,568
     
     
     
3,568
 
Life insurance contracts
   
     
     
35,590
     
35,590
 
Total
 
$
38,828
   
$
   
$
35,590
   
$
74,418
 

The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 marketable securities (U.S. dollars in thousands):

Beginning balance at January 1, 2019
 
$
35,590
 
Actual return on plan assets
   
2,441
 
Purchase and issuances
   
2,003
 
Sales and settlements
   
(1,518
)
Transfers into Level 3
   
 
Ending balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
38,516
 

8.
Income Taxes

Provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2019 was $22.8 million compared to $24.7 million for the prior-year period. The effective tax rate was 34.7% of pre-tax book income during the first quarter of 2019 compared to 41.0% in the prior-year period. The decrease in the effective tax rate in the first quarter of 2019 is due to additional tax reserves that were booked in first quarter of 2018 related to Indonesia.

12

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with the Income Taxes Topic of the Financial Accounting Standards Codification.  These standards establish financial accounting and reporting standards for the effects of income taxes that result from an enterprise’s activities during the current and preceding years.  The Company takes an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting of income taxes.  The Company pays income taxes in many foreign jurisdictions based on the profits realized in those jurisdictions, which can be significantly impacted by terms of intercompany transactions between the Company and its foreign affiliates.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are created in this process. The Company has netted these deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities by jurisdiction. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be ultimately realized. The Company had net deferred tax assets of $19.0 million and net deferred tax liabilities of $5.4 million as of March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively.

The Company evaluates its indefinite reinvestment assertions with respect to foreign earnings for each quarter.  Other than earnings the Company intends to reinvest indefinitely, the Company accrues for the U.S. federal and state income taxes applicable to the earnings. For all foreign earnings, the Company accrues the applicable foreign income taxes. The Company intends to utilize the offshore earnings to fund foreign investments, specifically capital expenditures. Undistributed earnings that the Company has indefinitely reinvested, for which no federal or state income taxes in the U.S. have been provided, aggregate to $60.0 million as of December 31, 2018. If the amount designated as indefinitely reinvested as of December 31, 2018 was repatriated to the United States, the amount of incremental taxes would be approximately $6.0 million.

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and in various state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to tax examinations from the IRS for all years for which tax returns have been filed before 2015. With a few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to state and local income tax examination by tax authorities for the years before 2015. In 2009, the Company entered into a voluntary program with the IRS called Compliance Assurance Process (“CAP”). The objective of CAP is to contemporaneously work with the IRS to achieve federal tax compliance and resolve all or most of the issues prior to filing of the tax return. The Company has elected to participate in the CAP program for 2019 and may elect to continue participating in CAP for future tax years; the Company may withdraw from the program at any time. In major foreign jurisdictions, the Company is generally no longer subject to income tax examinations for years before 2012. However, statutes in certain countries may be as long as ten years. The Company is currently under examination in certain foreign jurisdictions; however, the outcomes of those reviews are not yet determinable.  The Company’s unrecognized tax benefits relate to multiple jurisdictions. Due to potential increases in unrecognized tax benefits from the multiple jurisdictions in which the Company operates, as well as the expiration of various statutes of limitation, it is reasonably possible that the Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits, net of foreign currency adjustments, may increase in the next 12 months by approximately $0.5 to $1.5 million.

9.
Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company enters into non-designated foreign currency derivatives, primarily comprised of foreign currency forward contracts, for which hedge accounting does not apply. The changes in the fair market value of these non-designated derivatives are included in other income/expense in the Company’s consolidated statements of income. The Company uses non-designated foreign currency derivatives to hedge foreign-currency-denominated intercompany transactions and to partially mitigate the impact of foreign-currency fluctuations. The fair value of the non-designated foreign currency derivatives is based on third-party quotes.

The following table summarizes gains (losses) related to derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income
 
Derivatives not Designated
 
Location of Gain (Loss)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
as Hedging Instruments:
 
Recognized in Income
 
2019
   
2018
 
Foreign currency contracts
 
Other income (expense)
 
$
   
$
 

The Company designates as cash-flow hedges those foreign currency forward contracts it enters to hedge forecasted intercompany transactions that are subject to foreign currency exposures. Changes in the fair value of these forward contracts designated as cash-flow hedges are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss within shareholders’ equity (deficit) and are recognized in the consolidated statement of income during the period which approximates the time the hedged transaction is settled.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company held no forward contracts designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges compared to notional amounts of 0.3 billion Japanese yen ($2.8 million) as of March 31, 2018, to hedge forecasted foreign-currency-denominated intercompany transactions. The fair value of these hedges were zero and $(0.1) million as of March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

13

The following table summarizes gains (losses) related to derivative instruments recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (U.S. dollars in thousands):

 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized
in Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Derivatives Designated
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
as Hedging Instruments:
 
2019
   
2018
 
Foreign currency forward contracts related to intercompany license fee, product sales, and selling expense hedges
 
$
   
$
(247
)

The following table summarizes gains (losses) relating to derivative instruments reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Loss into Income
 
Derivatives Designated
 
Location of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from Accumulated
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
as Hedging Instruments:
 
Other Comprehensive Loss into Income
 
2019
   
2018
 
Foreign currency forward contracts related to intercompany license fees and product sales hedges
 
Revenue
 
$
   
$
(49
)
Foreign currency forward contracts related to intercompany selling expense hedges
 
Selling expenses
 
$
   
$
 

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, there were no unrealized gains/(losses) included in accumulated other comprehensive loss related to foreign currency cash flow hedges. The remaining $75.8 million and $79.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, in accumulated other comprehensive loss are related to cumulative translation adjustments.  The Company assesses hedge effectiveness at least quarterly. During the three-months period ended March 31, 2018, all hedges were determined to be effective.

The Company reports its derivatives at fair value as either other current assets or accrued expenses within its consolidated balance sheet. See Note 7 - Fair Value.

10.
Segment Information

The Company reports revenue from nine segments, consisting of its seven geographic Nu Skin segments—Mainland China, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Americas/Pacific, Japan, Hong Kong/Taiwan, and Europe, Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”)—and its Manufacturing and Grow Tech segments, which the Company has decided to disclose separately beginning in the first quarter of 2019. Previously, these latter two segments were included in the Other category. The Other category includes miscellaneous corporate revenue and related adjustments. These segments reflect the way the chief operating decision maker evaluates the Company’s business performance and allocates resources.  Reported revenue includes only the revenue generated by sales to external customers.

Segment information for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018 has been recast to reflect the separate disclosure of the Manufacturing and Grow Tech segments, both of which were previously included in the Other category. Consolidated financial information is not affected.

Profitability by segment as determined under US GAAP is driven primarily by the Company’s transfer pricing policies. Segment contribution, which is the Company’s segment profitability metric presented in the table below, excludes certain intercompany charges, specifically royalties, license fees, transfer pricing, discrete charges and other miscellaneous items. These charges have been included in Corporate and other expenses. Corporate and other expenses also include costs related to the Company’s executive and administrative offices, information technology, research and development, and marketing and supply chain functions not recorded at the segment level.

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in Note 1 – The Company. The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based on revenue and segment contribution. Each segment records direct expenses related to its employees and its operations.

Summarized financial information for the Company’s reportable segments is shown in the following tables. Asset information is not reviewed or included with the Company’s internal management reporting. Therefore, the Company has not disclosed asset information for each reportable segment.

14

Revenue by Segment

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(U.S. dollars in thousands)
 
2019
   
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
208,488
   
$
197,531
 
Americas/Pacific
   
86,456
     
92,289
 
South Korea
   
83,853
     
88,930
 
Southeast Asia
   
72,495
     
70,860
 
Japan
   
62,109
     
63,224
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
40,558
     
40,992
 
EMEA
   
41,818
     
44,981
 
Other
   
(1,426
)
   
235
 
Total Nu Skin
   
594,351
     
599,042
 
Manufacturing (1)
   
29,272
     
17,177
 
Grow Tech
   
     
 
Total
 
$
623,623
   
$
616,219
 

(1)
The Manufacturing segment had $5.9 million and $3.2 million of intersegment revenue for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  Intersegment revenue is eliminated in the consolidated financial statements, as well as the reported segment revenue in the table above.

Segment Contribution

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(U.S. dollars in thousands)
 
2019
   
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
59,167
   
$
44,817
 
Americas/Pacific
   
12,019
     
9,172
 
South Korea
   
25,668
     
26,201
 
Southeast Asia
   
17,992
     
16,402
 
Japan
   
14,106
     
13,238
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
7,474
     
7,846
 
EMEA
   
1,351
     
4,754
 
Nu Skin contribution
   
137,777
     
122,430
 
Manufacturing
   
3,646
     
(354
)
Grow Tech
   
(3,629
)
   
(1,260
)
Total segment contribution
   
137,794
     
120,816
 
Corporate and other
   
(69,141
)
   
(61,826
)
Operating income
   
68,653
     
58,990
 
Other income (expense)
   
(2,848
)
   
1,207
 
Income before provision for income taxes
 
$
65,805
   
$
60,197
 

Depreciation and Amortization

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(U.S. dollars in thousands)
 
2019
   
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
3,116
   
$
3,487
 
Americas/Pacific
   
214
     
214
 
South Korea
   
1,524
     
1,667
 
Southeast Asia
   
477
     
559
 
Japan
   
1,048
     
915
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
516
     
323
 
EMEA
   
440
     
176
 
Total Nu Skin
   
7,335
     
7,341
 
Manufacturing
   
1,574
     
2,825
 
Grow Tech
   
875
     
218
 
Corporate and other
   
9,823
     
8,523
 
Total
 
$
19,607
   
$
18,907
 

15

Capital Expenditures

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
(U.S. dollars in thousands)
 
2019
   
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
1,681
   
$
1,869
 
Americas/Pacific
   
274
     
189
 
South Korea
   
49
     
 
Southeast Asia
   
94
     
51
 
Japan
   
172
     
311
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
463
     
482
 
EMEA
   
34
     
35
 
Total Nu Skin
   
2,767
     
2,937
 
Manufacturing
   
1,602
     
749
 
Grow Tech
   
2,985
     
2,587
 
Corporate and other
   
6,411
     
6,379
 
Total
 
$
13,765
   
$
12,652
 

11.
Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is subject to government regulations pertaining to product formulation, labeling and packaging, product claims and advertising, and the Company’s direct selling system.  The Company is also subject to the jurisdiction of numerous foreign tax and customs authorities. Any assertions or determination that either the Company or the Company’s sales force is not in compliance with existing statutes, laws, rules or regulations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operations. In addition, in any country or jurisdiction, the adoption of new statutes, laws, rules or regulations or changes in the interpretation of existing statutes, laws, rules or regulations could have a material adverse effect on the Company and its operations. No assurance can be given that the Company’s compliance with applicable statutes, laws, rules and regulations will not be challenged by foreign authorities or that such challenges will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Company and its Subsidiaries are defendants in litigation, investigations and other proceedings involving various matters. In the opinion of the Company’s management, based on management’s evaluation of the matters and the advice of its counsel handling such litigation, investigations and other proceedings, adverse outcomes, if any, are not currently expected to result in a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The Company is subject to regular audits by federal, state and foreign tax authorities.  These audits may result in additional tax liabilities.  The Company believes it has appropriately provided for income taxes for all years.  Several factors drive the calculation of its tax reserves.  Some of these factors include: (i) the expiration of various statutes of limitations; (ii) changes in tax law and regulations; (iii) issuance of tax rulings; and (iv) settlements with tax authorities.  Changes in any of these factors may result in adjustments to the Company’s reserves, which would impact its reported financial results.

12.
Acquisitions

On January 22, 2018, the Company acquired the remaining 73% ownership in Innuvate Health Sciences, LLC (“Innuvate”), which owns a 92% interest in a nutritional product manufacturer. Prior to this acquisition, the Company owned 27% of Innuvate and accounted for it using the equity method. The remaining 8% ownership in the manufacturer will continue to be held by an unrelated third party. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company paid $23.5 million in cash and shares of the Company in exchange for the 73% ownership in Innuvate. Innuvate is a contract manufacturer that specializes in softgel and hardshell capsule manufacturing.

On February 12, 2018, the Company acquired the remaining 65% ownership in Treviso, LLC (“Treviso”), making Treviso a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Treviso is a personal care product manufacturer. Prior to this acquisition, the Company owned 35% of Treviso and accounted for it using the equity method. Under the terms of the purchase agreement, the Company has paid $83.9 million in cash and shares of the Company in exchange for the 65% ownership in Treviso. Treviso is a liquid contract manufacturing laboratory for premium personal care products.

On February 12, 2018, the Company acquired 100% ownership in L&W Holdings, Inc. (“L&W”) making L&W a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. L&W is a packaging supplier company. Under the terms of the purchase agreement, the Company paid $25.0 million in shares of the Company in exchange for 100% ownership in L&W. L&W specializes in the distribution and packaging of products in the cosmetic and nutritional industries.

16

The following table summarizes the fair value of consideration transferred for the acquisitions disclosed above (in thousands):

   
Innuvate
   
Treviso
   
L&W Holdings
   
Total
 
                         
Total cash consideration
 
$
17,587
   
$
14,648
   
$
   
$
32,235
 
Shares issued in conjunction with acquisition
   
5,863
     
69,252
     
25,000
     
100,115
 
Total consideration
 
$
23,450
   
$
83,900
   
$
25,000
     
132,350
 
Previously held equity interest in equity method Investments(1)
   
8,748
     
30,281
     
     
39,029
 
Total
 
$
32,198
   
$
114,181
   
$
25,000
   
$
171,379
 

(1)
The acquisitions of Innuvate and Treviso are considered step acquisitions, and accordingly, the Company remeasured its pre-existing 27% equity interest in Innuvate and 35% of Treviso immediately prior to completion of the acquisition to its estimated fair value of approximately $39.0 million. As a result of the remeasurement, the Company recorded a gain of approximately $13.6 million within other income (expense), during the first quarter of 2018, representing the excess of the approximate $39.0 million estimated fair value of its pre-existing 27% equity interest in Innuvate and 35% equity interest of Treviso over its transaction date carrying value of approximately $25.4 million.

The following table summarizes the fair value of the assets acquired for the acquisitions disclosed above (in thousands):

 
Innuvate
 
Treviso
 
L&W Holdings
 

 Life
 
Amount
 
Life
 
Amount
 
Life
 
Amount
 
                         
Total current assets
   
$
6,219
     
$
19,659
     
$
7,353
 
Fixed assets
     
9,291
       
33,282
       
114
 
Customer list
9 years
   
5,100
 
9 years
   
16,500
 
7 years
   
6,500
 
Order backlog
5 months
   
200
 
10 months
   
4,700
 
4 months
   
900
 
Trademarks
7 years
   
900
 
6 years
   
1,300
 
5 years
   
600
 
Total current liabilities
     
(3,942
)
     
(3,740
)
     
(1,495
)
Other non-current liabilities
     
       
       
(1,731
)
Total identifiable net assets acquired
     
17,768
       
71,701
       
12,241
 
Goodwill
     
17,230
       
42,480
       
12,759
 
Fair value of noncontrolling interest
     
(2,800
)
     
       
 
Total consideration and value to be allocated to net assets
   
$
32,198
     
$
114,181
     
$
25,000
 

Pro forma and historical results of operations for the acquired companies have not been presented because they are not material, either individually or in the aggregate, to the company’s consolidated financial statements.

13.
Restructuring

In the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company began a strategic plan to align its resources and capabilities to support its vision of being a world-leading business platform. This program primarily impacted the Company’s information technology infrastructure and organization and other departments within its corporate and Americas offices. As a result of the restructuring program, the Company recorded a non-cash charge of $48.6 million for impairment of information technology assets, including internally developed software for social sharing and digital initiatives, and $22.1 million of cash charges, including $20.1 million for employee severance and $2.0 million for other related cash charges with the restructuring. The restructuring charges were predominately recorded in the Corporate and Other category.

See table below for detail of restructuring activity for the three months ended March 31, 2019 (U.S. dollars in thousands):

Beginning balance at January 1, 2019
 
$
15,462
 
Amounts paid
   
(15,046
)
Adjustments
   
(416
)
Ending balance at March 31, 2019
 
$
 

17

ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that represent our current expectations and beliefs.  All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of federal and state securities laws and include, but are not limited to, statements of management’s expectations regarding our performance, initiatives, strategies, product introductions and offerings, growth, opportunities and risks; statements of projections regarding future sales, expenses, operating results, taxes and duties, capital expenditures, sources and uses of cash, foreign currency fluctuations or devaluations, and other financial items; statements of management’s expectations and beliefs regarding our markets; statements regarding the payment of future dividends and stock repurchases; statements regarding the outcome of litigation, audits, investigations or other regulatory actions; accounting estimates and assumptions; statements of belief; and statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “believe,” “expect,” “project,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “targets,” “likely,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “may,” “might,” the negative of these words and other similar words. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.  We caution and advise readers that these statements are based on assumptions that may not be realized and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations and beliefs contained herein. For a summary of these risks, see the risk factors included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the 2018 fiscal year and in our subsequent reports, including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the 2018 fiscal year, and our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission through the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview

Revenue for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 increased 1% to $623.6 million, compared to $616.2 million in the prior-year period.  Our revenue was negatively impacted 6% from foreign-currency fluctuations in the first quarter of 2019.  Sales Leaders remained flat and Customers increased 10% on a year-over-year basis.

The local-currency growth in our business reflects success with our growth strategy, which focuses on customer growth through our platforms, products and programs.  Our ageLOC LumiSpa skin treatment and cleansing device continues to generate strong sales, and during the first quarter of 2019, we released additional product offerings in the LumiSpa brand, which included Accent, a specialized eye treatment attachment, and a pink LumiSpa device. Our LumiSpa products generated approximately $75 million in revenue during the first quarter of 2019, compared to approximately $43 million in revenue during the prior-year period.  As of the date of this report, we have completed the introduction of our Velocity sales compensation program enhancements, which we believe have led to more productive Sales Leaders and an increase in our Customer activity.

Our revenue also reflects a $12.1 million increase from our manufacturing subsidiaries. The increase is attributable to the prior-year period only including a partial quarter of sales, as the acquisitions were completed mid-quarter. We have been pleased with the performance of these businesses over the past year.

Earnings per share for the first quarter of 2019 increased 20% to $0.77, compared to $0.64 in the prior-year period. The increase in earnings per share reflects a decrease in selling expenses as a percentage of revenue, particularly in our Mainland China and Americas/Pacific segments.

Segment Results

We report our business in nine segments to reflect our current management approach. Effective as of the first quarter of 2019, we reorganized the structure of our segments to separately disclose a Manufacturing segment, which includes the manufacturing and packaging subsidiaries that we acquired in the first quarter of 2018, and a Grow Tech segment, which focuses on a long-term strategy for consistently sourcing pure, effective and sustainable ingredients for use in our products, while also exploring applications in other industries. Our Manufacturing and Grow Tech segments were previously included in the Other category. Segment information for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018 has been recast to reflect this change. Consolidated financial information was not affected.

18

The following table sets forth revenue for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 for each of our reportable segments (U.S. dollars in thousands):

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
         
Constant-Currency
 
   
2019
   
2018
   
Change
   
Change(1)
 
                         
Nu Skin
                       
Mainland China
 
$
208,488
   
$
197,531
     
6
%
   
12
%
Americas/Pacific
   
86,456
     
92,289
     
(6
)%
   
2
%
South Korea
   
83,853
     
88,930
     
(6
)%
   
(1
)%
Southeast Asia
   
72,495
     
70,860
     
2
%
   
5
%
Japan
   
62,109
     
63,224
     
(2
)%
   
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
40,558
     
40,992
     
(1
)%
   
2
%
EMEA
   
41,818
     
44,981
     
(7
)%
   
1
%
Other
   
(1,426
)
   
235
     
(707
)%
   
(707
)%
Total Nu Skin
   
594,351
     
599,042
     
(1
)%
   
5
%
Manufacturing
   
29,272
     
17,177
     
70
%
   
70
%
Grow Tech
   
     
     
     
 
Total
 
$
623,623
   
$
616,219
     
1
%
   
7
%

(1)
Constant-currency revenue change is a non-GAAP financial measure. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures,” below.

The following table sets forth segment contribution for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 for each of our reportable segments (U.S. dollars in thousands). Segment contribution excludes certain intercompany charges, specifically royalties, license fees, transfer pricing and other miscellaneous items. We use segment contribution to measure the portion of profitability that the segment managers have the ability to control for their respective segments. For additional information regarding our segments and the calculation of segment contribution, see Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report.

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Nu Skin
           
Mainland China
 
$
59,167
   
$
44,817
 
Americas/Pacific
   
12,019
     
9,172
 
South Korea
   
25,668
     
26,201
 
Southeast Asia
   
17,992
     
16,402
 
Japan
   
14,106
     
13,238
 
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
7,474
     
7,846
 
EMEA
   
1,351
     
4,754
 
Total Nu Skin
   
137,777
     
122,430
 
Manufacturing
   
3,646
     
(354
)
Grow Tech
   
(3,629
)
   
(1,260
)

The following table provides information concerning the number of Customers and Sales Leaders as of March 31, 2019 and 2018.  “Customers” are persons who have purchased products directly from the Company during the three months ended as of the date indicated. Our Customer numbers do not include consumers who purchase products directly from members of our sales force. “Sales Leaders” are independent distributors, and sales employees and independent marketers in Mainland China, who achieve certain qualification requirements. Our Velocity sales compensation program enhancements were designed to drive and reward increased productivity of our Sales Leaders with adjusted requirements for qualifying and maintaining “Sales Leader” status, which could impact the number of independent distributors under our global compensation program who achieve such requirements. For example, the sales volume necessary to achieve initial qualification has been increased in some markets, financial rewards have been increased for higher monthly productivity, and the enhanced program also provides some flexibility to remain a Sales Leader with a lower sales volume for a short time. As of the date of this report, we have introduced Velocity in all segments besides Mainland China. Mainland China operates under a different business model and is not impacted by these changes.

   
As of
March 31, 2019
   
As of
March 31, 2018
   
% Increase (Decrease)
 
   
Customers
   
Sales Leaders
   
Customers
   
Sales Leaders
   
Customers
   
Sales Leaders
 
                                     
Mainland China
   
272,053
     
26,986
     
200,231
     
27,045
     
36
%
   
 
Americas/Pacific
   
242,925
     
7,862
     
245,588
     
8,248
     
(1
)%
   
(5
)%
South Korea
   
181,150
     
6,671
     
179,384
     
7,338
     
1
%
   
(9
)%
Southeast Asia
   
138,112
     
7,071
     
117,689
     
6,559
     
17
%
   
8
%
Japan
   
126,526
     
5,840
     
128,598
     
6,198
     
(2
)%
   
(6
)%
Hong Kong/Taiwan
   
70,354
     
3,959
     
72,401
     
3,864
     
(3
)%
   
2
%
EMEA
   
162,086
     
4,859
     
141,673
     
4,246
     
14
%
   
14
%
                                                 
Total
   
1,193,206
     
63,248
     
1,085,564
     
63,498
     
10
%
   
 

19

Following is a narrative discussion of our results in each segment, which supplements the tables above.

Mainland China.  The year-over-year increase in revenue in Mainland China for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 primarily reflects increased sales of LumiSpa, which generated approximately $39 million of revenue, compared to approximately $5 million in the first quarter of 2018, as we did not make this product generally available for purchase in this segment until the second quarter of 2018.  The increase in our Customers reflects successful customer initiatives.

The year-over-year increase in segment contribution for the first quarter of 2019 primarily reflects higher revenue, as well as decreases in general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue of 1.7 percentage points due to efficiency initiatives and the fixed nature of certain expenses as revenue increased. Selling expenses as a percentage of revenue also declined 5.4 percentage points. The salaries and service fees of our sales force in Mainland China are fixed until they are adjusted in a quarterly evaluation process. As a result, we have variations in our selling expenses as a percentage of revenue, particularly when there is a sequential change in revenue. These improvements in general and administrative expenses and selling expenses were partially offset by a decrease in gross margin due to changes in product mix.

In connection with the Mainland China government’s 100-day campaign to review and inspect the health products and direct selling industries, restrictions were and continue to be placed on holding meetings, which we believe may have been a factor contributing to our flat Sales Leader number on a year-over-year basis. During this time, we have been receiving and addressing an increased number of government reviews, inspections, and inquiries and consumer complaints in Mainland China, and we and our sales force have also been the subject of negative media coverage. Although the 100-day period was recently completed, we anticipate that there will continue to be a heightened level of media and regulatory scrutiny of these industries. There is also uncertainty whether any changes to the regulations that apply to these industries will be made based on the review. Given the current situation, we have postponed some of our business initiatives to later in the year, and continued scrutiny or restrictions could cause us to postpone additional initiatives. We will continue to follow the guidance we receive from Chinese regulators, and we are hopeful that we may see some loosening of the restrictions on meetings in the second quarter of 2019, although the exact timing and nature of this loosening is subject to uncertainty.

Americas/Pacific. The year-over-year decreases in revenue, Sales Leaders and Customers are largely attributable to our Argentina market, where the economy is currently experiencing hyperinflation.  We have implemented price increases in response to inflation in Argentina. Our revenue in this segment was negatively impacted 8% from foreign-currency fluctuations, primarily due to the weakening Argentina peso. Our Mexico, Australia and New Zealand markets all experienced double-digit growth in revenue and Sales Leaders. In March 2019, we officially commenced business operations in Peru.

The year-over-year increase in segment contribution for the first quarter of 2019 primarily reflected improved gross margin from product mix and lower selling expenses as a percentage of revenue. Our selling expenses are impacted by the number of Sales Leaders qualifying for incentive trips and other promotional incentives and the cost of such trips and incentives, which declined in the first quarter of 2019 on a year-over-year basis.

South Korea. Our business in the South Korea segment continued to be challenged in the first quarter of 2019 due to competitive pressures, with our revenue and Sales Leaders each decreasing on a year-over-year basis. Our reported revenue also reflects a negative impact of 5% from foreign-currency fluctuations. We also believe changes to some requirements under Velocity impacted our Sales Leader numbers.

The year-over-year decline in segment contribution primarily reflects the decline in revenue.

Southeast Asia. The year-over-year increases in revenue and Sales Leaders in our Southeast Asia segment primarily reflect continued growth in Thailand and Vietnam.  The increase in Customers for the Southeast Asia segment was primarily driven by successful social sharing initiatives, along with Velocity, which was designed to improve our Customer acquisition.

The year-over-year increase in segment contribution for the first quarter of 2019 primarily reflects higher revenue, as well as improvements in gross margin due to changes in product mix.

Japan. Our revenue, Sales Leader and Customer numbers in our Japan segment continued to reflect a soft direct selling market, which we believe is attributable to a challenging regulatory environment and an aging demographic. Despite this environment, we were encouraged that our revenue in constant currency has leveled out with the prior year. We also believe changes to some requirements under Velocity impacted our Sales Leader numbers.

Through successful general and administrative cost-saving measures, segment contribution increased despite the decrease in revenue.

Hong Kong/Taiwan. The year-over-year decrease in reported revenue in our Hong Kong/Taiwan segment for the first quarter of 2019 reflects a negative 3% impact from foreign-currency fluctuations.  Revenue increased on a constant-currency basis, even against increased revenue in the first quarter of 2018 from the launch of LumiSpa.  Momentum in the Hong Kong market continued into the first quarter of 2019, with an increase in revenue and Sales Leaders.

Segment contribution remained relatively flat year-over-year.

EMEA. Constant-currency revenue in our EMEA segment increased 1% on a year-over-year basis, benefitting from strong growth in our Sales Leaders and Customers.  We believe the growth in Sales Leaders and Customers reflected the continued success of social sharing initiatives as well as the launch of Velocity in this segment during the first quarter of 2019. The 7% decline in reported revenue reflects a negative foreign-currency impact of 8%.

20

The year-over-year decrease in segment contribution is attributable to the decline in revenue, a decrease in gross margin of 2.7 percentage points mainly driven by foreign-currency fluctuations, and increases in selling expenses as a percentage of revenue of 2.2 percentage points and general and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue of 4.5 percentage points, driven by higher labor and promotion cost.

Manufacturing. The manufacturing and product-packaging companies that we acquired during the first quarter of 2018 generated $29.3 million of reported revenue in the first quarter of 2019 compared to $17.2 million in the prior-year period.  The increase is attributable to a partial quarter of sales in the prior-year period as the acquisitions were completed mid-quarter  These companies provide products and services both to our Nu Skin business and to external customers. Reported revenue includes only the revenue generated by sales to external customers.

The $4.0 million increase in segment contribution is primarily attributable to the increase in revenue along with a decrease in the amortization of acquired intangible assets under acquisition accounting.

Grow Tech. Our Grow Tech segment focuses on a long-term strategy for consistently sourcing pure, effective and sustainable ingredients for use in our products. Nu Skin plans to begin adding ingredients sourced from its Grow Tech segment to its products in place of traditionally grown ingredients, while also exploring applications in other industries. As previously disclosed, we are expecting a continued loss in 2019 from this segment as we continue to research and refine the technology.

Consolidated Results

Revenue

Revenue for the three-month period ended March 31, 2019 increased 1% to $623.6 million, compared to $616.2 million in the prior-year period. For a discussion and analysis of these increases in revenue, see “Overview” and “Segment Results,” above.

Gross profit

Gross profit as a percentage of revenue was 76.5% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 76.3% for the prior-year period. The gross margin of our core Nu Skin business improved 0.8 percentage points as a result of a favorable product mix, cost reductions and benefit from products sourced through our owned manufacturing entities. This improvement was partially offset by a negative impact from the gross margin of our owned manufacturing entities, which as previously disclosed, are significantly lower than the gross margin of our core Nu Skin business.

Selling expenses

Selling expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased to 40.0% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 41.8% for the prior-year period. This decrease was primarily driven by the increase in revenue from our manufacturing entities, which lowered our selling expenses as a percentage of revenue 0.9 percentage points as these entities do not carry significant selling expenses.  The impact of this decrease on our operating margin was offset by the manufacturing entities’ lower gross margins.  The decrease also reflects lower selling expenses as a percentage of revenue in our Mainland China segment, as explained in the segment discussion above.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue increased modestly to 25.4% for the first quarter of 2019 from 24.9% for the prior-year period. General and administrative expenses increased to $158.6 million in the first quarter of 2019 compared to $153.2 million in the prior-year period.

Other income (expense), net

Other income (expense), net for the first quarter of 2019 was ($2.8 million) compared to $1.2 million for the same period in 2018.  The decrease is largely attributable to the non-cash gain of $13.6 million on our step acquisitions in the first quarter of 2018 partially offset by the non-cash charge of $7.2 million related to the conversion of our then-outstanding convertible notes. For more information on these items, see Notes 4 and 12 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report

Provision for income taxes

Provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2019 was $22.8 million, compared to $24.7 million for the prior-year period. The effective tax rate was 34.7% of pre-tax book income during the first quarter of 2019 compared to 41.0% in the prior-year period. The change in rate reflects the impact of two items that occurred during the first quarter of 2018: an increase in our income tax reserves following an assessment we received from the Indonesia tax authorities during the first quarter of 2018, and a benefit from a deduction in Japan related to Japan customs assessments that were affirmed by the Tokyo District Court in 2011; in the first quarter of 2018, the Japan and U.S. tax authorities reached resolution as to the amount that would be deductible in each jurisdiction.

21

Net income

As a result of the foregoing factors, net income for the first quarter of 2019 was $43.0 million compared to $35.5 million in the prior-year period.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, our principal uses of cash have included operating expenses (particularly selling expenses) and working capital (principally inventory purchases), as well as capital expenditures, stock repurchases, dividends, debt repayment and the development of operations in new markets. We have at times incurred long-term debt, or drawn on our revolving line of credit, to fund strategic transactions and stock repurchases. We typically generate positive cash flow from operations due to favorable margins and have generally relied on cash from operations to fund operating activities. In the first three months of 2019, we had a net outflow of $8.2 million in cash from operations compared to a net outflow of $1.1 million in cash from operations during the prior-year period. This decrease in cash flow from operations primarily reflects the payment of significant accruals as of the end of 2018, particularly related to payment of severance that was recorded in connection with our fourth-quarter restructuring plan. Cash and cash equivalents, including current investments, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were $318.3 million and $398.3 million, respectively, driven by the repayment of debt and payment of the quarterly dividend.

Working capital. As of March 31, 2019, working capital was $345.6 million, compared to $359.6 million as of December 31, 2018. The decrease in working capital is primarily attributable to our January 1, 2019 adoption of the ASU 2016-02 (Subtopic 842). Our adoption of this standard resulted in recording right-of-use assets, which represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and corresponding lease liabilities, which represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.  The current portion of the lease liability resulted in the decrease in working capital, as the entire asset balance was recorded to non-current assets.

Capital expenditures. Capital expenditures in the first quarter of 2019 were $13.8 million. Our 2019 capital expenditures include the following:


the expansion and upgrade of facilities in our various markets;

purchases and expenditures for computer systems and equipment, software, application development and the migration of legacy systems to cloud-based systems; and

purchases of equipment and development of our technology in our Grow Tech initiative.

We estimate that capital expenditures for the uses listed above will total approximately $65-70 million for the remainder of 2019. In addition, we are also in the planning phase for a new manufacturing plant in Mainland China. We currently expect that our expenditures for this project will be approximately $55 million over the next 2-3 years, with approximately $20–30 million during 2019.

Conversion and satisfaction of convertible notes. In June 2016, we issued $210.0 million principal amount of convertible 4.75% senior notes due 2020 (the “Convertible Notes”) to Ping An ZQ China Growth Opportunity Limited (“Ping An ZQ”) at face value. During the first quarter of 2018, Ping An ZQ elected to convert the Convertible Notes pursuant to their terms. In connection with such conversion and pursuant to the terms of the indenture governing the Convertible Notes, we became obligated to deliver shares of Class A common stock and cash to Ping An ZQ. We satisfied our obligation to deliver shares of Class A common stock to Ping An ZQ during the first quarter of 2018 and, in April 2018, satisfied our obligations under the Convertible Notes by paying Ping An ZQ $213.4 million.

Credit agreement. In April 2018, we entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Existing Credit Agreement”) with several financial institutions as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent. The Existing Credit Agreement provides for a $400 million term loan facility and a $350 million revolving credit facility, each with a term of five years. Concurrently with the closing of the Existing Credit Agreement, we drew the full amount of the term loan facility and $78.5 million of the revolving facility, each of which initially bear interest at the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.25%. We used the proceeds of the term loan and the draw on the revolving facility to pay off the Previous Credit Agreement, as defined below, and the outstanding balance on the Convertible Notes. The interest rate applicable to the facilities is subject to adjustment based on our consolidated leverage ratio. The term loan facility amortizes in quarterly installments in amounts resulting in an annual amortization of 5.0% during the first and second years, 7.5% during the third and fourth years and 10.0% during the fifth year after the closing date of the Existing Credit Agreement, with the remainder payable at final maturity. The Existing Credit Agreement requires us to maintain a consolidated leverage ratio not exceeding 2.25 to 1.00 and a consolidated interest coverage ratio of no less than 3.00 to 1.00. We are currently in compliance with these debt covenants.

Modification of previous credit agreement. In April 2018, we repaid debt that was outstanding under our credit agreement, dated as of October 9, 2014, with several financial institutions as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Previous Credit Agreement”). We had indebtedness of $257.6 million in principal amount outstanding under the Previous Credit Agreement as of both March 31, 2018 and the repayment date of April 18, 2018. See Note 4 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report for further information regarding the New Credit Agreement, Convertible Notes and other debt.

22

Stock repurchase plan. Our board of directors approved a stock repurchase plan authorizing us to repurchase up to $500 million of our outstanding shares of Class A common stock on the open market or in private transactions.  During the first quarter of 2019, we repurchased approximately 14,000 shares of our Class A common stock under the plan for $0.8 million. As of March 31, 2019, $470.2 million was available for repurchases under the plan. Our stock repurchases are used primarily to offset dilution from our equity incentive plans and for strategic initiatives.

Dividends. In February 2019, our board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.37 per share. This quarterly cash dividend of $20.5 million was paid on March 13, 2019 to stockholders of record on February 25, 2019.  In April 2019, our board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.37 per share to be paid on June 12, 2019 to shareholders of record on May 31, 2019.  Currently, we anticipate that our board of directors will continue to declare quarterly cash dividends and that the cash flows from operations will be sufficient to fund our future dividend payments. However, the continued declaration of dividends is subject to the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon various factors, including our net earnings, financial condition, cash requirements, future prospects and other relevant factors.


Cash from foreign subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we held $318.3 million and $398.3 million, respectively, in cash and cash equivalents, including current investments. These amounts include $296.4 million and $348.1 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, held in our operations outside of the U.S. Substantially all of our non-U.S. cash and cash equivalents are readily convertible into U.S. dollars or other currencies, subject to procedural or other requirements in certain markets, as well as an indefinite-reinvestment designation, as described below.

We typically fund the cash requirements of our operations in the U.S. through intercompany dividends, intercompany loans and intercompany charges for products, use of intangible property, and corporate services. However, some markets impose government-approval or other requirements for the repatriation of dividends. For example, in Mainland China, we are unable to repatriate cash from current operations in the form of dividends until we file the necessary statutory financial statements for the relevant period. As of March 31, 2019, we had $137.6 million in cash denominated in Chinese RMB. We also have intercompany loan arrangements with some of our markets, including Mainland China, that allow us to access available cash, subject to certain limits in Mainland China and other jurisdictions. We also have drawn on our revolving line of credit to address cash needs until we can repatriate cash from Mainland China or other markets, and we may continue to do so. Except for $60 million of earnings in Mainland China that we designated as indefinitely reinvested during the second quarter of 2018, we currently plan to repatriate undistributed earnings from our non-U.S. operations as necessary, considering the cash needs of our non-U.S. operations and the cash needs of our U.S. operations for dividends, stock repurchases, capital investments, debt repayment and strategic transactions. Repatriation of non-U.S. earnings is subject to withholding taxes in certain foreign jurisdictions. Accordingly, we have accrued the necessary withholding taxes related to the non-U.S. earnings.

We currently believe that existing cash balances, future cash flows from operations and existing lines of credit will be adequate to fund our cash needs on both a short- and long-term basis. The majority of our historical expenses have been variable in nature, and as such, a potential reduction in the level of revenue would reduce our cash flow needs. In the event that our current cash balances, future cash flow from operations and current lines of credit are not sufficient to meet our obligations or strategic needs, we would consider raising additional funds in the debt or equity markets or restructuring our current debt obligations. Additionally, we would consider realigning our strategic plans, including a reduction in capital spending, stock repurchases or dividend payments.

Contingent Liabilities

Please refer to Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report for information regarding our contingent liabilities.

Critical Accounting Policies

There were no significant changes in our critical accounting policies during the first quarter of 2019.

Seasonality and Cyclicality

In addition to general economic factors, we are impacted by seasonal factors and trends such as major cultural events and vacation patterns.  For example, most Asian markets celebrate their respective local New Year in the first quarter, which generally has a negative impact on that quarter.  We believe that direct selling is also generally negatively impacted during the third quarter, when many individuals, including our sales force, traditionally take vacations.

Prior to making a product generally available for purchase, we often do one or more introductory offerings of the product, such as a preview of the product to our Sales Leaders, a limited-time offer, or other product introduction or promotion. These offerings may generate significant activity and a high level of purchasing, which can result in a higher-than-normal increase in revenue, Sales Leaders and/or Customers during the quarter and can skew year-over-year and sequential comparisons.

23

Currency Risk and Exchange Rate Information

A majority of our revenue and many of our expenses are recognized outside of the United States, except for inventory purchases, a significant portion of which are primarily transacted in U.S. dollars from vendors in the United States. The local currency of each of our Subsidiaries’ primary markets is considered the functional currency with the exception of our Asia product-distribution subsidiary in Singapore and, as discussed below, our subsidiary in Argentina. All revenue and expenses are translated at weighted-average exchange rates for the periods reported. Therefore, our reported revenue and earnings will be positively impacted by a weakening of the U.S. dollar and will be negatively impacted by a strengthening of the U.S. dollar. These impacts may be significant because a large portion of our business is derived from outside of the United States. Given the uncertainty of exchange rate fluctuations, it is difficult to predict the effect of these fluctuations on our future business, product pricing and results of operations or financial condition.

In the second quarter of 2018, published inflation indices indicated that the three-year cumulative inflation in Argentina exceeded 100 percent, and as of July 1, 2018, we elected to adopt highly inflationary accounting for our subsidiaries in Argentina. Under highly inflationary accounting, Argentina’s functional currency became the U.S. dollar, and its income statement and balance sheet have been measured in U.S. dollars using both current and historical rates of exchange. The effect of changes in exchange rates on peso-denominated monetary assets and liabilities has been reflected in earnings in Other income (expense), net and was not material. As of March 31, 2019, Argentina had a small net peso monetary position. Net sales of Argentina were less than 2 percent of our consolidated net sales for the three-month periods ended 2019 and 2018.

We may seek to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates through the use of foreign currency exchange contracts and through intercompany loans of foreign currency. We do not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. We regularly monitor our foreign currency risks and periodically take measures to reduce the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations on our operating results. As of March 31, 2019 and 2018, we did not hold non-designated mark-to-market forward derivative contracts to hedge foreign denominated intercompany positions or third party foreign debt. As of March 31, 2019 we did not hold any forward contracts designated as foreign currency cash flow hedges, compared to 0.3 billion Japanese yen ($2.8 million) as of March 31, 2018, to hedge forecasted foreign-currency-denominated intercompany transactions. We continue to evaluate our foreign currency hedging policy.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Constant-currency revenue growth is a non-GAAP financial measure that removes the impact of fluctuations in foreign-currency exchange rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons of the company’s performance. It is calculated by translating the current period’s revenue at the same average exchange rates in effect during the applicable prior-year period and then comparing this amount to the prior-year period’s revenue.

Available Information

Our website address is www.nuskin.com. We make available, free of charge on our Investor Relations website, ir.nuskin.com, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

We also use our Investor Relations website, ir.nuskin.com, as a channel of distribution of additional Company information that may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor this channel, in addition to following our press releases, Securities and Exchange Commission filings and public conference calls and webcasts. The contents of our website shall not be deemed to be incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The information required by Item 3 of Part I of Form 10-Q is incorporated herein by reference from the section entitled “Currency Risk and Exchange Rate Information” in “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of Part I and also from Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report.

ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of the end of the period covered by this report, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)).  Based on that evaluation, our CEO and our CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2019.

Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting.

During the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2019, we implemented technology, processes and controls related to the global recording of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities in connection with the adoption of Topic 842, Leases, as described in Notes 2 and 5 to the consolidated financial statements contained in this report. Otherwise, we made no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2019 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

24

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time, we are involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business.

ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS

The information presented below supplements and should be read in conjunction with the detailed discussion of risks associated with our business in our recent SEC filings, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the 2018 fiscal year.

Our operations in Mainland China are subject to significant government scrutiny, and we could be subject to fines or other penalties.

Our operations in Mainland China are subject to significant regulatory scrutiny. The legal system in Mainland China provides government authorities broad latitude to conduct investigations and many Chinese regulations, including those governing our business, are subject to significant interpretation, which may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Because of significant government concerns in Mainland China regarding improper direct selling activities, government regulators closely scrutinize activities of direct selling companies and activities that resemble direct selling. The government in Mainland China continues to inspect and interview the direct selling industry on a regular basis, which has and may continue to increase regulatory scrutiny of the industry and our business. As a result of negative media coverage about the healthcare-related product claims made by a competitor in the direct selling industry in Mainland China, the government recently increased its scrutiny of activities within the health products and direct selling industries. During this time, we have been receiving and addressing an increased number of government reviews, inspections, and inquiries and consumer complaints in Mainland China, and negative media coverage has spread to include additional companies, including ours. Government regulators frequently make inquiries into our business activities and investigate complaints from consumers and others regarding our business. Some of these inquiries and investigations in the past have resulted in the payment of fines by us or members of our sales force, interruption of sales activities at stores and warnings. We continuously face the risk of regulatory inquiries and investigations, and any determination that our operations or activities, or the activities of our sales employees, independent direct sellers or independent marketers, are not in compliance with applicable regulations could result in substantial fines, extended interruptions of business, and termination of necessary licenses and permits, including our direct selling and other licenses, all of which could harm our business.

We work diligently to train our sales force in Mainland China on how our Mainland China business model differs from our global business model. However, Sales Leaders in Mainland China may attend regional and global events or interact with Sales Leaders from other markets. Because our global model varies significantly from our Mainland China business model, mistakes may be made as to how those working in Mainland China should promote the business in Mainland China. These mistakes by our sales force may lead to government reviews and investigations of our operations in Mainland China. For example, in January 2014, a series of articles was published in Mainland China containing a number of allegations, including, among other things, that our compensation practices violated Chinese regulations against pyramid and multi-level sales models, that our recruiting and training techniques were unlawful or inappropriate and that certain of our sales force in Mainland China failed to adequately follow and enforce our policies and regulations. As a result of these allegations, in 2014 Chinese regulators commenced a review of our business model and operations in Mainland China. For a further description of these matters, see “We may become involved in legal proceedings and other matters that, if adversely adjudicated or settled, could adversely affect our financial results.” In response to media scrutiny and this government review, we voluntarily took a number of actions in Mainland China, including temporarily suspending our business meetings, temporarily suspending acceptance of applications for any new sales representatives, and extending our product refund and return policies. The adverse publicity and suspension of business meetings and acceptance of applications had a significant negative impact on our revenue and the number of Sales Leaders and Customers in the region. Further media scrutiny, particularly any coming from media outlets with close connections to the government of Mainland China, could result in further regulatory scrutiny and investigations in Mainland China and could negatively impact our revenue, sales force and business in this market, including the interruption of sales activities, loss of licenses, and the imposition of fines, and any other adverse actions or events.

If direct selling regulations in Mainland China are modified, interpreted or enforced in a manner that results in negative changes to our business model or the imposition of a range of potential penalties, our business would be significantly negatively impacted.

The government of Mainland China has adopted direct selling and anti-pyramiding regulations that impose significant restrictions and limitations on businesses in our industry. Most notably, the regulations prohibit multi-level compensation, which is the basis of how we compensate our sales force outside of Mainland China. The regulations also prohibit overseas personnel from participating in direct selling in Mainland China. We have structured our business model in Mainland China based on several factors: the guidance we have received from government officials, our interpretation of applicable regulations, our understanding of the practices of other international direct selling companies operating in Mainland China, and our understanding as to how regulators are interpreting and enforcing the regulations. In Mainland China, we utilize sales employees to sell products through our retail stores and website; independent direct sellers, who can sell away from our stores where we have obtained direct selling licenses and can also sell through our service centers or our website; and independent marketers, who are licensed business owners authorized to sell our products at their own approved premises or through our stores and website. We generally compensate our Sales Leaders at a level that is competitive with other direct selling companies in the market and reflective of the compensation of our Sales Leaders globally. The nature of the political, regulatory and legal systems in Mainland China gives regulatory agencies at both the local and central levels of government broad discretion to interpret and enforce regulations as they deem appropriate to promote social order. We face a risk that regulators may change the way in which they currently interpret and enforce the direct selling regulations, or that such regulations may be modified.

If our business practices are deemed to be in violation of applicable regulations as they may be interpreted or enforced, in particular our use of the sales productivity of a Sales Leader and the sales representatives that such Sales Leader trains, manages and services in setting his/her salary on a quarterly basis, then we could be sanctioned and/or required to change our business model, either of which could significantly harm our business.

In January 2019, the Mainland China government announced a 100-day campaign to review and inspect the health products and direct selling industries. This campaign involved a number of regulatory agencies. Although the 100-day period has ended, we anticipate that there will continue to be a heightened level of media and regulatory scrutiny of these industries. There is also uncertainty whether any changes to the regulations that apply to these industries will be made based on the review. If the review results in changes to any of the regulations that apply to our business model, products or operations, our business could be harmed.


ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer

   
(a)
   
(b)
   
(c)
   
(d)
 
Period
 
Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
   
Average
Price Paid
per Share
   
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
   
Approximate Dollar
Value of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased Under
the Plans or Programs
(in millions)(1)
 
                         
January 1 - 31, 2019
   
   
$
     
   
$
471.0
 
February 1 - 28, 2019
   
     
     
   
$
471.0
 
March 1 - 31, 2019
   
13,610
     
60.61
     
13,610
   
$
470.2
 
Total
   
13,610
   
$
60.61
     
13,610
         

(1)
In August 2018, we announced that our board of directors approved a stock repurchase plan. Under this plan, our board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $500 million of our outstanding Class A common stock on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions.

ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.

ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION

None.

ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS

Exhibits
Regulation S-K
Number
 
Description
     
 
Certification by Ritch N. Wood, Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification by Mark H. Lawrence, Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification by Ritch N. Wood, Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 1350, Chapter 63 of Title 18, United States Code, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification by Mark H. Lawrence, Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 1350, Chapter 63 of Title 18, United States Code, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

26

SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

April 30, 2019

NU SKIN ENTERPRISES, INC.
   
By:
/s/ Mark H. Lawrence
 
 
Mark H. Lawrence
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 

27


EXHIBIT 31.1

SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

I, Ritch N. Wood, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Nu Skin Enterprises, Inc.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:


(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;


(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;


(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and


(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):


(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and


(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.


Date: April 30, 2019
/s/ Ritch N. Wood
 
 
Ritch N. Wood
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
 




EXHIBIT 31.2

SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

I, Mark H. Lawrence, certify that:

1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Nu Skin Enterprises, Inc.;

2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:


(a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;


(b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;


(c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and


(d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):


(a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and


(b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: April 30, 2019
/s/ Mark H. Lawrence
 
 
Mark H. Lawrence
 
 
Chief Financial Officer
 



v3.19.1
Document and Entity Information - shares
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Apr. 23, 2019
Entity Information [Line Items]    
Entity Registrant Name NU SKIN ENTERPRISES INC  
Entity Central Index Key 0001021561  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer  
Entity Small Business false  
Entity Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Ex Transition Period false  
Document Type 10-Q  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Period End Date Mar. 31, 2019  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1  
Common Class A [Member]    
Entity Information [Line Items]    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   55,486,600
v3.19.1