Industry: health care
LabCorp provides clinical laboratory services used by hospitals, physicians and other healthcare providers, and end-to-end drug development support to pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$72.20||5.8%||19.6%||15.7%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||5.8%||19.6%||15.7%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On April 28, 1995, the Company completed the merger with Roche Biomedical Laboratories, Inc. ("RBL") pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") dated as of December 13, 1994 (the "Merger"). The Merger will be accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, each outstanding share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share of the Company ("Common Stock") (other than as provided in the Merger Agreement), was converted (the "Share Conversion") into (i) 0.72 of a share of Common Stock of the Company and (ii) $5.60 in cash per share, without interest. Based upon the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to the Merger and converted pursuant to the Share Conversion in the Merger, as provided in the Merger Agreement, the Company estimates that the aggregate number of shares issued and outstanding following the Share Conversion was 61,041,138. Also, an aggregate of 538,307 shares of Common Stock were issued in connection with the cancellation of certain employee stock options. In addition, pursuant to the Merger Agreement, an aggregate of 61,329,256 shares of Common Stock were issued to HLR Holdings Inc. ("HLR") and its designee, Roche Holdings, Inc. in exchange for all shares of common stock, no par value, of RBL outstanding immediately prior to the effective date of the Merger (other than treasury shares, which were canceled). The issuance of such shares of Common Stock was based upon the Company's estimate, as of immediately after the Merger, of the total outstanding shares immediately after the Share Conversion and, based on such estimate, equals approximately 49.9% of the total outstanding shares of Common Stock. The Company also made a distribution (the "Warrant Distribution") to holders of record as of April 21, 1995, of 0.16308 of a warrant per outstanding share of Common Stock, each such warrant representing the right to purchase one newly issued share of Common Stock for $22.00 (subject to adjustment) on April 28, 2000 (each such warrant, a "Warrant"). Approximately 13,826,670 Warrants have been issued to stockholders entitled to receive Warrants in the Warrant Distribution, (including fractional Warrants, which were not distributed, but were liquidated in sales on the New York Stock Exchange and the proceeds thereof distributed to such stockholders). In addition, pursuant to the Merger Agreement on April 28, 1995 the Company issued to Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. ("Roche"), for a purchase price of approximately $51.0, of 8,325,000 Warrants (the Roche Warrants ) to purchase shares of Common Stock, which Warrants will have the terms described above.
In May 1997, the Company's Board of Directors declared a dividend of 10,000,000 transferable subscription rights which were then issued pro rata to holders of its common stock entitling them to purchase up to an aggregate of $500.0 of redeemable preferred stock issuable in two series at a subscription price of $50 per share. The subscription period ended in June 1997 and at that time, rights were exercised to purchase 4,363,202 shares of Series A 8 1/2% Convertible Exchangeable Preferred Stock and 5,636,798 shares of Series B 8 1/2% Convertible Pay-in-Kind Preferred Stock, each at a subscription price of $50 per share. On June 6, 2000, the Company called for redemption all of its outstanding Series A and Series B preferred stock at $52.83 per share, in accordance with the terms of the Preferred Stock Offering, by July 6, 2000. Substantially all of the holders of the Series A and Series B preferred stock elected to convert their shares into common stock. As of July 31, 2000, the Series A preferred stock was converted into 7,930,174 shares of common stock and the Series B preferred stock was converted into 13,241,576 shares of common stock, increasing shareholders' equity by approximately $446 from the balance at June 30, 2000.
On January 17, 2003, the Company completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of DIANON Systems, Inc. for $47.50 per share in cash, or approximately $596.0 [million] including transaction fees and expenses, and converted approximately 390,000 vested DIANON employee stock options into approximately 690,000 vested Company options valued at $8.5. The transaction total of approximately $604.5 was funded by a combination of cash on hand, borrowings under the Companys senior credit facilities and a bridge loan facility. DIANON is a leading provider of anatomic pathology and oncology testing services in the U.S. and had 2001 revenues of approximately $125.7. DIANON had approximately 1,100 employees at the closing date of the acquisition and processed more than 8,000 samples per day in one main testing facility and four regional labs. The acquisition of DIANON was accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. As such, the cost to acquire DIANON has been allocated to the assets and liabilities acquired based on estimated fair values as of the closing date. The consolidated financial statements include the results of operations of DIANON subsequent to the closing of the acquisition.
On February 3, 2005, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of US Pathology Labs, Inc. and Subsidiaries (US LABS) for approximately $155 in cash. US LABS, based in Irvine, California, is a national, anatomic pathology reference laboratory devoted to comprehensive, high-quality, rapid-response cancer testing. The company provides diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive cancer testing services to hospitals, physician offices and surgery centers.
On May 11, 2005, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of Esoterix, Inc. and Subsidiaries (Esoterix) for approximately $150 in cash. Esoterix, based in Austin, Texas, is a leading provider of specialty reference testing.
On December 1, 2010, the Company acquired Genzyme Genetics, a business unit of Genzyme Corporation, for approximately $925.2 in cash (net of cash acquired). The Genzyme Genetics acquisition was made to expand the Companys capabilities in reproductive, genetic, hematology-oncology and clinical trials central laboratory testing, enhance the Companys esoteric testing capabilities and advance the Companys personalized medicine strategy.
On February 19, 2015, the Company completed the acquisition of Covance Inc. for $6,150.7M. The Company issued debt and common stock to fund the Acquisition. Covance stockholders received $75.76 in cash and 0.2686 shares of the Company's common stock for each share of Covance common stock they owned. The Company financed the transaction with $3,900.0 of debt, 15.3 shares of its common stock and $488.2 of available cash, $400.0 of which was derived from a bridge term loan credit facility. On January 30, 2015, the Company issued $2,900.0 in debt securities, consisting of $500.0 aggregate principal amount of 2.625% Senior Notes due 2020, $500.0 aggregate principal amount of 3.20% Senior Notes due 2022, $1,000.0 aggregate principal amount of 3.60% Senior Notes due 2025 and $900.0 aggregate principal amount of 4.70% Senior Notes due 2045. The Company also entered into a $1,000.0 term loan facility which was advanced in full on February 19, 2015.