W. R. Grace & Co. is engaged in the production and sale of specialty chemicals and materials, which include catalysts and products used in refining, petrochemical and other chemical manufacturing applications, and coatings and sealants used in consumer, industrial, pharmaceutical and packaging applications.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
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|Book value of equity per share||$3.79||-29.8%||—||—|
|BV including aggregate dividends||-14.3%||—||—|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
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A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On March 31, 1998, the Company paid a dividend, in respect of each share of the Company's Common Stock, par value $.01 per share ("Common Stock"), of one Preferred Stock Purchase Right ("Right"). The Rights are not and will not become exercisable unless and until certain events occur (as described below). Until such events occur, the Rights will automatically trade with the Common Stock, and separate certificates for the Rights will not be distributed. The Rights will become exercisable on the earlier to occur of (a) 10 days after a person or group ("Acquiring Person") has acquired beneficial ownership of 20% or more of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock or (b) 10 business days (or such later date as may be fixed by the Company's Board of Directors) after an Acquiring Person commences (or announces the intention to commence) a tender offer or exchange offer that would result in such Acquiring Person becoming the beneficial owner of 20% or more of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock. Holders of Rights, as such, have no rights as shareholders of the Company; consequently, such holders have no rights to vote or receive dividends, among other things. When the Rights become exercisable, each Right will initially entitle the holder to buy from the Company one hundredth of a share of the Company's Junior Participating Preferred Stock, par value $.01 per share ("Junior Preferred Stock"), for $100, subject to adjustment ("exercise price"). If a person or group becomes an Acquiring Person, each Right will entitle the holder to receive upon exercise, in lieu of shares of Junior Preferred Stock, that number of shares of Common Stock having a market value of two times the exercise price of the Right. If, at any time after a person or group becomes an Acquiring Person, the Company is acquired in a merger or other business combination or 50% or more of the Company's consolidated assets or earning power is sold, each Right not owned by an Acquiring Person will entitle the holder to buy a number of shares of common stock of the acquiring company having a market value equal to twice the exercise price. Shares of Junior Preferred Stock that may be purchased upon exercise of the Rights will not be redeemable. Each share of Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to a minimum preferential quarterly dividend payment of $1.00 per share but will be entitled to an aggregate dividend equal to 100 times the dividend declared per share of Common Stock whenever such dividend is declared. In the event of liquidation, holders of Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to a minimum preferential liquidation payment of $100 per share but will be entitled to an aggregate payment equal to 100 times the payment made per share of Common Stock. Each share of Junior Preferred Stock will have 100 votes, voting to gether with the Common Stock. Finally, in the event of any merger, consolidation or other transaction in which the Common Stock is exchanged, each share of Junior Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive an amount equal to 100 times the amount received per share of Common Stock. These rights are protected by customary antidilution provisions.
On April 2, 2001, W. R. Grace & Co. and 61 of its United States subsidiaries and affiliates filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code ("Chapter 11") in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware... The filing was made in response to a sharply increasing number of asbestos-related bodily injury claims. Under Chapter 11, Grace is operating its businesses as debtor-in-possession under court protection from its creditors and claimants, while using the Chapter 11 process to develop and implement a plan for addressing the asbestos-related claims against it.
On April 2, 2001, W. R. Grace & Co. and 61 of its United States subsidiaries and affiliates filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11... On July 26, 2007, the Bankruptcy Court terminated Grace's exclusive rights to propose a plan of reorganization and solicit votes thereon. As a result of the termination of these rights, any party-in-interest may propose a competing plan of reorganization. On November 5, 2007, the PI Committee and the PI FCR filed a proposed plan of reorganization (the "PI Plan") with the Bankruptcy Court... On April 6, 2008, the Debtors reached an agreement in principle with the PI Committee, the PI FCR, and the Equity Committee designed to resolve all present and future asbestos-related personal injury claims (the "PI Settlement")... On November 21, 2008, the Debtors reached an agreement in principle (the "ZAI PD Term Sheet") with the Putative Class Counsel to the U.S. ZAI claimants, the PD FCR, and the Equity Committee designed to resolve all present and future U.S. ZAI property damage claims and demands... On March 9, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court approved the disclosure statement associated with the Joint Plan. On March 31, 2009, Grace distributed the Joint Plan, exhibits and disclosure statement along with voting materials to all creditors entitled to vote on the Joint Plan. The Bankruptcy Court required all creditors eligible to vote on the Joint Plan to submit their votes, and all parties-in-interest who object to the Joint Plan to submit their objections, by May 20, 2009. All classes of creditors entitled to vote accepted the Joint Plan. The Joint Plan is designed to address all pending and future asbestos-related claims and demands and all other pre-petition claims as outlined respectively therein. However, it is possible that the Joint Plan will not be confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court, or become effective if it is confirmed. If the Joint Plan is not confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court or the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware or does not become effective, the Debtors would expect to resume the estimation trial, which was suspended in April 2008 due to the PI Settlement, to determine the amount of its asbestos-related liabilities.
On February 3, 2014, the plan of reorganization filed by Grace became effective, concluding Graces status as a debtor under Chapter 11. An asbestos property damage trust has been established and funded under Section 524(g) of the Bankruptcy Code, related to the outstanding asbestos personal injury and property damage claims, including class-action lawsuits alleging damages from Zonolite Attic Insulation, a former Grace attic insulation product. Grace has satisfied all of its financial obligations to the PI Trust and has fixed and contingent obligations remaining to the PD Trust.
On January 27, 2016, Grace entered into a separation agreement with GCP Applied Technologies Inc. (GCP), then a wholly-owned subsidiary of Grace, pursuant to which Grace agreed to transfer its Grace Construction Products operating segment and the packaging technologies business, operated under the Darex name, of its Grace Materials Technologies operating segment to GCP. The separation occurred on February 3, 2016, by means of a pro rata distribution to Grace stockholders of all of the outstanding shares of GCP common stock. One share of GCP common stock was distributed for each share of Grace common stock held as of the close of business on January 27, 2016. As a result of the distribution, GCP is now an independent public company and its common stock is listed under the symbol GCP on the New York Stock Exchange.