Frontier is an Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier in the U.S, providing Internet access, video and voice services to residential and business customers.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$29.90||-45.7%||-13.3%||-3.7%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||-42.4%||-1.9%||10.1%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On January 30, 1995, the Company, pursuant to an underwritten public offering, issued 19,000,000 shares of its Common Stock Series A at an issuance price of $13 3/8 per share and realized $244,200,000 in net proceeds. These proceeds were used to repay short-term debt.
On August 25, 1997, the Company converted its shares of Series A Common Stock into Series B Common Stock at a ratio of one share of Series B Common Stock for each share of Series A Common Stock... Prior to the conversion of the Company's Common Stock Series A into Common Stock Series B (now Common Stock) on August 25, 1997, the two series traded separately on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbols CZNA and CZNB, respectively.
On August 24, 1999, the Company's Board of Directors approved a plan of divestiture for the Company's public services properties, which include gas, electric and water and wastewater businesses. The proceeds from the sales of the public services properties will be used to fund the telephone access line purchases. The Company has accounted for the planned divestiture of the public services properties as a discontinued operation. Discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income reflect the results of operations of the public services properties including allocated interest expense for the periods presented. Interest expense was allocated to the discontinued operations based on the outstanding debt specifically identified with these businesses. On October 18, 1999, the Company announced that it had agreed to sell its water and wastewater operations to American Water Works, Inc. for an aggregate purchase price of $835,000,000. The transaction is expected to close in 2000 following regulatory approvals. On February 15, 2000, the Company announced that it had agreed to sell its electric utility operations. The Arizona and Vermont electric divisions will be sold to Cap Rock Energy Corp. and the Kauai (Hawaii) Electric Division will be sold to Kauai Island Electric Co-op for an aggregate purchase price of $535,000,000. The transactions are expected to close in 2000 following regulatory approvals.
On June 13, 2001, we issued 25,156,250 shares of our common stock at $12.10, for net proceeds of $289,787,000.
On June 13, 2001, we issued 18,400,000 equity units at $25 per unit for net proceeds of $446,200,000 (after underwriting discounts and commissions and before offering expenses). Each equity unit will initially consist of a 6 3/4% senior note due 2006 and a purchase contract for our common stock. The purchase contract (warrant) obligates the holder to purchase from us, no later than August 17, 2004 for a purchase price of $25. The equity units have been approved for listing on The New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "CZB."
On July 12, 2000, we announced a definitive agreement to purchase from Global Crossing Ltd. 100% of the stock of Frontier Corp., which owned approximately 1,096,700 telephone access lines in Alabama/Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, for approximately $3,650,000,000 in cash which price was later reduced to $3,500,000,000. On June 29, 2001, we closed on the Frontier acquisition for approximately $3,368,000,000 in cash, subject to adjustment. The operations of Frontier are included in our financial statements from the date of acquisition.
On August 17, 2004 we issued 32,073,633 shares of common stock, including 3,591,000 treasury shares, to our equity unit holders in settlement of the equity purchase contract component of the equity units. With respect to the $460,000,000 Senior Note component of the equity units, we repurchased $300,000,000 principal amount of these Notes in July 2004. The remaining $160,000,000 of the Senior Notes were repriced and a portion was remarketed on August 12, 2004 as the 6.75% Notes due August 17, 2006.
Frontier Communications Corporation has completed its acquisition of Verizon Communications' local wireline operations in 14 states. The combined operations will provide voice, High-Speed Internet, wireless Internet data access, satellite video, FiOS and other services to more than 4.0 million residential and business customers in 27 states using the Frontier Communications brand. On July 1, 2010, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of May 13, 2009, as amended, by and among Verizon, New Communications Holdings Inc. (Spinco) and Frontier, Spinco merged with and into Frontier, with Frontier surviving as the combined company and conducting the combined business operations of Frontier and the Spinco business. On April 12, 2010, Spinco completed a private offering for $3.2 billion aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes. The gross proceeds of the offering, plus $125.5 million (equal to the amount of interest that will accrue on the notes from April 12, 2010 to October 1, 2010; the Transaction Escrow) contributed by Frontier, were deposited into an escrow account. Immediately prior to the Spin-Off and the completion of the Merger, the proceeds of the notes offering (less the initial purchasers' discount) were released from the escrow account and used to make a special cash payment by Spinco to Verizon, as contemplated by the Verizon Transaction. On July 1, 2010, as a result of the Merger, the Company's equity balance increased by $5.25 billion upon the issuance of 678,530,386 shares of Frontier common stock and its long-term debt balance increased by $3.5 billion for long-term debt assumed by the Company. The fair value of consideration issued to acquire Spinco amounted to $5.3 billion and included $5.25 billion for the issuance of Frontier common shares.
On June 10, 2015, the Company completed a registered public offering of 150,000,000 shares of its common stock, par value $0.25 per share, at a public offering price of $5.00 per share. On June 24, 2015, the Company issued an additional 15,000,000 shares of common stock in connection with the over-allotment option that was exercised in full by the underwriters. Aggregate net proceeds were approximately $799 million after deducting commissions and estimated expenses.
On April 1, 2016, Frontier acquired the wireline operations of Verizon Communications, Inc. in California, Texas and Florida for a purchase price of $10,540 million in cash and assumed debt, with adjustments for working capital, pursuant to the February 5, 2015 Securities Purchase Agreement, as amended. Upon completion of the Verizon Transaction, Frontier operates these former Verizon properties, which included approximately 3.3 million voice connections, 2.1 million broadband connections, and 1.2 million FiOS video connections as of December 31, 2015.