Activision Blizzard is a worldwide developer and publisher of online, personal computer, console, and mobile games.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$15.14||17.4%||9.4%||5.5%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||20.2%||11.4%||7%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On November 26, 1997, the Company completed its acquisition of CentreSoft by the issuance of 2,787,043 shares of the Company's common stock in exchange for all the outstanding Ordinary Shares, "A" Ordinary Shares, "B" Ordinary Shares, redeemable preferred stock, convertible preferred stock and secured loan stock debentures of CentreSoft. In addition, the Company issued options to acquire 50,325 shares of the Company's common stock which were in exchange for outstanding CentreSoft stock options. The acquisition of CentreSoft was accounted for in accordance with the pooling of interests method of accounting and, accordingly, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted as if CentreSoft and the Company had operated as one since June 28, 1996 (inception of CentreSoft).
On June 7, 2002, we issued 7,500,000 shares of common stock for proceeds of approximately $247.3 million, net of offering costs. The proceeds from this offering will be used for general corporate purposes, including, among other things, additions to working capital and financing of capital expenditures, joint ventures and/or strategic acquisitions.
During fiscal 2003, our Board of Directors authorized a buyback program under which we can repurchase up to $350.0 million of our common stock. Under the program, shares may be purchased as determined by management, from time to time, in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, including privately negotiated structured option transactions and through transactions in the options markets. Depending on market conditions and other factors, these purchases may be commenced or suspended at any time or from time to time without prior notice. As of March 31, 2003, we had repurchased approximately 10.8 million shares of our common stock at an average cost of $9.39 per share. Additionally under the Board approved buyback program, we entered into a series of structured stock repurchase transactions in the aggregate amount of $110.0 million. These transactions may be settled in cash or stock depending on the market price of our common stock on the date of the settlement. Upon settlement, we will either have our capital investment returned with a premium or receive up to approximately 12.8 million shares of our common stock, depending, respectively, on whether the market price of our common stock is above or below a pre-determined price agreed in connection with each such transaction.
We consummated our business combination (the "Business Combination") pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement (the "Business Combination Agreement"), dated December 1, 2007, by and among Activision, Inc., Sego Merger Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Activision, Inc., Vivendi S.A. ("Vivendi"), VGAC LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Vivendi ("VGAC"), and Vivendi Games, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of VGAC ("Vivendi Games"). Upon the closing of the Business Combination, which occurred on July 9, 2008, Activision, Inc. was renamed Activision Blizzard, Inc. Activision Blizzard continues to operate as a public company traded on the NASDAQ under the ticker symbol ATVI. Activision Blizzard now conducts the combined business operations of Activision, Inc. and Vivendi Games including its subsidiary, Blizzard Entertainment, Inc. ("Blizzard"). In connection with the Business Combination, we issued 717 million shares of common stock to VGAC including 126 million shares of common stock purchased by Vivendi for $1.7 billion. Immediately following the consummation of the Business Combination, VGAC owned 54% of Activision Blizzard's issued and outstanding common stock. While Activision, Inc. was the surviving entity in this Business Combination, because the transaction is treated as a "reverse acquisition," Vivendi Games is deemed to be the acquirer for accounting purposes. Accordingly, Activision Blizzard applied purchase accounting to the assets and liabilities of Activision, Inc. at July 9, 2008. Also, for all Exchange Act filings following consummation of the Business Combination, the historical financial statements of Activision Blizzard for periods prior to the consummation of the Business Combination are those of Vivendi Games. Activision, Inc.'s businesses are included in Activision Blizzard's financial statements for all periods subsequent to the consummation of the Business Combination only. In accordance with the terms of the Business Combination Agreement, on July 16, 2008, Activision Blizzard commenced a tender offer to purchase up to 293 million shares of its common stock at a price of $13.75 per share. The tender offer expired on August 13, 2008. We purchased 171,832 shares of our common stock as a result of the tender offer. These shares were accounted for using the treasury method and were retired and cancelled. Vivendi owned approximately 55% of Activision Blizzard's outstanding common stock at December 31, 2008.
Under the repurchase program, we repurchased 32 million shares of our common stock for $313 million during the three months ended March 31, 2009.
On October 11, 2013, we repurchased 429 million shares of our common stock, pursuant to the stock purchase agreement (the Stock Purchase Agreement) we entered into on July 25, 2013 with Vivendi and ASAC II LP (ASAC), an exempted limited partnership established under the laws of the Cayman Islands, acting by its general partner, ASAC II LLC. Pursuant to the terms of the Stock Purchase Agreement, we acquired all of the capital stock of Amber Holding Subsidiary Co., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Vivendi (New VH), which was the direct owner of 429 million shares of our common stock, for a cash payment of $5.83 billion, or $13.60 per share, before taking into account the benefit to the Company of certain tax attributes of New VH assumed in the transaction (collectively, the Purchase Transaction). Immediately following the completion of the Purchase Transaction, ASAC purchased from Vivendi 172 million shares of the Companys common stock, pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement, for a cash payment of $2.34 billion, or $13.60 per share (the Private Sale).
On February 23, 2016 we completed the King Acquisition under the terms of the Transaction Agreement, purchasing all of the outstanding shares of King for $18.00 cash per share. As a result, King became a wholly owned subsidiary of Activision Blizzard. King is a leading interactive entertainment company that develops and distributes games on mobile platforms such as Android and iOS, and on online and social platforms such as Facebook and king.com websites. Kings results of operations since the King Closing Date are included in our condensed consolidated financial statements. We made this acquisition because we believe that the addition of Kings highly-complementary mobile business will position the Company as a global leader in interactive entertainment across mobile, console and PC platforms, as well as positioning us for future growth. The aggregate purchase price of the King Acquisition was approximately $5.8 billion, which was paid on the King Closing Date and funded primarily with $3.6 billion of existing cash and $2.2 billion of cash from new debt issued by the Company.