ARRIS provides set-top boxes, digital video and Internet Protocol Television distribution systems, broadband access infrastructure platforms, and associated data and voice customer premises equipment for cable, telephone, and digital broadcast satellite operators and media programmers.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$17.11||2.1%||15.3%||8.5%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||2.1%||15.3%||8.5%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On August 3, 2001, we completed the acquisition from Nortel of the portion of Arris Interactive L.L.C. that we did not own. Arris Interactive L.L.C. was a joint venture formed by Nortel Networks and us in 1995, and immediately prior to the acquisition we owned 18.75% and Nortel Networks owned the remainder. As part of this transaction: A new holding company, ARRIS, was formed; ANTEC, our predecessor, merged with our subsidiary and the outstanding ANTEC common stock was converted, on a share-for-share basis, into ARRIS common stock; Nortel Networks and our company contributed to Arris Interactive L.L.C. approximately $131.6 million in outstanding indebtedness and adjusted our ownership percentages in Arris Interactive L.L.C. to reflect these contributions; Nortel Networks exchanged its remaining ownership interest in Arris Interactive L.L.C. for 37 million shares of ARRIS common stock (approximately 49.2% of the total shares outstanding following the transaction) and a subordinated redeemable Class B membership interest in Arris Interactive L.L.C. with a face amount of $100 million; ANTEC, now our wholly-owned subsidiary, changed its name to Arris International, Inc.; Nortel Networks designated two new members to our board of directors; We issued approximately 2.1 million options and 95,000 shares of restricted stock to Arris Interactive L.L.C. employees.
Consistent with our strategy, on January 8, 2002, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Cadant, Inc., a privately held designer and manufacturer of next-generation cable modem termination systems. Under the terms of the transaction, we issued 5.25 million shares of our common stock and assumed approximately $14.9 million in liabilities in exchange for the assets. We issued 2.0 million options to purchase our common stock and 250,000 shares of restricted stock to Cadant employees. We also agreed to issue up to 2.0 million additional shares of our common stock based upon the achievement of future sales targets through 2003 for the cable modem termination systems product. These sales targets were not achieved and no additional shares of our common stock will be issued.
On December 14, 2007, ARRIS completed its acquisition of 100% of the outstanding shares of C-COR Incorporated (C-COR). Pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger, each issued and outstanding share of C-COR common stock, other than shares held in treasury or by ARRIS, were converted into the right to receive either (i) $13.75 in cash or (ii) 1.0245 shares of ARRIS common stock and $0.688 in cash. ARRIS paid approximately $366 million in cash and issued 25.1 million shares of common stock valued at $281 million in the merger. In addition, all outstanding options to acquire shares of C-COR common stock were converted into options to acquire shares of ARRIS common stock and the number of shares underlying such options and the exercise price thereof were adjusted accordingly. The vesting of the unvested outstanding options was accelerated as a result of the merger. The acquisition was accounted for by the purchase method. The results of operations of C-COR from December 15, 2007 through December 31, 2007 are included in the Companys consolidated statements of operations for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2007.
On April 17, 2013, ARRIS completed its previously announced acquisition of Motorola Home from General Instrument Holdings, Inc. (Seller), pursuant to the Acquisition Agreement, dated December 19, 2012, among the Holding Company (formerly ARRIS Enterprises I, Inc.), ARRIS Enterprises, Inc. (formerly ARRIS Group, Inc.), ARRIS Enterprises II, Inc., Seller and Motorola Mobility LLC (Mobility). Seller and Mobility are both indirect subsidiaries of Google, Inc. Under the terms of the Agreement, Seller contributed all of the outstanding shares of General Instrument Corporation, a Delaware corporation, to ARRIS in return for approximately $2.2 billion in cash and 10.6 million shares of ARRIS common stock for total consideration transferred of $2.4 billion, subject to certain adjustments as provided for in the acquisition agreement. The fair value of the 10.6 million shares issued was determined based on the 20 trading day trailing average closing price of the Companys common stock at signing of the definitive agreement. Immediately prior to the completion of the acquisition, ARRIS became a holding company as a result of the merger of ARRIS Enterprises II, Inc. into the former ARRIS Group, Inc., whereby the former ARRIS Group, Inc. (which now is known as ARRIS Enterprises, Inc.) became a wholly-owned subsidiary of ARRIS and the outstanding common stock of the former ARRIS Group, Inc. was converted on a share-for-share basis into common stock of ARRIS.
On January 4, 2016, ARRIS Group, Inc. completed its combination with Pace plc, a company incorporated in England and Wales. In connection with the Combination, (i) ARRIS International plc (the "Registrant"), a company incorporated in England and Wales, acquired all of the outstanding ordinary shares of Pace and (ii) a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Registrant was merged with and into ARRIS Group (the "Merger"), with ARRIS Group surviving the Merger as an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Registrant. Under the terms of the Combination, (a) Pace shareholders received 132.5 pence in cash and 0.1455 ordinary shares of the Registrant for each Pace share they held, and (b) ARRIS Group stockholders received one ordinary share of the Registrant for each share of ARRIS Group common stock they held. Equity incentive and compensation plans were assumed by the Registrant and amended to provide that those plans will now provide for the award and issuance of ordinary shares instead of shares of common stock of ARRIS Group on a one-for-one basis. Shares of treasury stock of ARRIS Group were cancelled in the Combination. Following the Combination, ARRIS Group became an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Registrant and Pace became a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Registrant and was subsequently renamed ARRIS Global Limited. The ordinary shares of the Registrant trade on the NASDAQ under the symbol ARRS. The Registrant is deemed to be the successor to ARRIS Group pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), and the ordinary shares of the Registrant are deemed to be registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act.