Apache explores for, develops, and produces oil and gas in the U.S., Canada, Egypt, and the U.K.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$20.06||9%||-24.7%||-9.8%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||14.5%||-21.3%||-6.7%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
On May 17, 1995, Apache acquired DEKALB, an oil and gas company engaged in the exploration for, and the development of, crude oil and natural gas in Canada, through a merger which resulted in DEKALB becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Apache. Pursuant to the merger agreement, Apache issued 8.4 million shares of its common stock in exchange for outstanding DEKALB stock and for DEKALB employee stock options that remained outstanding at the time of the merger. The merger was accounted for as a "pooling of interests" for financial accounting purposes. As a result, this Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A has been prepared to present information for 1994 and preceding years on a combined basis using the pooling method of accounting.
In September 1995, Apache closed the purchase of oil and gas assets from Aquila for approximately $192 million, subject to additional purchase price adjustments. The Aquila transaction was partially funded by a public offering of 7.45 million shares of Apache common stock.
On May 20, 1996, Apache acquired The Phoenix Resource Companies, Inc. (Phoenix), an oil and gas company operating primarily in the Arab Republic of Egypt, through a merger (Merger) which resulted in Phoenix becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Apache. The Merger was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting and the results of which are included in the financial statements of the Company since the date of acquisition. Pursuant to the Merger agreement, each share of Phoenix common stock then outstanding, and when exercised, outstanding Phoenix stock options (which was assumed by Apache) was converted into the right to receive (a) .75 shares of Apache common stock with any fractional shares paid in cash, without interest, and (b) $4.00 in cash. As a result, 12.2 million shares of Apache common stock were issued in exchange for outstanding Phoenix stock.
In May 1999, Apache issued 14,950,000 shares ($463.5 million) of Apache common stock and 140,000 shares ($217 million) of Automatically Convertible Equity Securities, Conversion Preferred Stock, Series C (the Preferred Stock) in the form of seven million depositary shares each representing 1/50th of a share of Preferred Stock (Depositary Shares). The Preferred Stock is not subject to a sinking fund or mandatory redemption. On May 15, 2002, each Depositary Share will automatically convert, subject to adjustments, into not more than one share and not less than 0.8197 of a share of Apache common stock, depending on the market price of Apache common stock at that time.
On January 22, 2003, the Company completed a public offering of 9.9 million shares of Apache common stock, adjusted for the five percent common stock dividend, including underwriters' over-allotment option, for net proceeds of approximately $554 million.
On April 15, 2010, Apache and Mariner Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (Mariner), announced that we had entered into a definitive agreement pursuant to which Apache will acquire Mariner in a stock and cash transaction. The total amount of cash and shares of Apache common stock that will be paid and issued, respectively, pursuant to the Merger Agreement is fixed, and Mariner stockholders will be entitled to receive (on an aggregate basis) 0.17043 of a share of Apache common stock, par value $0.625 per share, and $7.80 in cash for each share of Mariner common stock (the Mixed Consideration). Mariner stockholders have the right to elect to receive all cash ($26.00 per share), all Apache common stock (0.24347 of a share of Apache common stock) or the Mixed Consideration, subject to proration procedures as provided in the Merger Agreement. Upon completion of the Merger, each outstanding option to purchase Mariner common stock will be converted into a fully vested option to purchase 0.24347 shares of Apache common stock. In connection with the Merger, Apache expects to issue approximately 17.5 million shares of common stock (an increase of approximately five percent of the Company's outstanding common shares) and pay cash of approximately $800 million to Mariner stockholders. Apache intends to fund the cash portion of the consideration with existing cash balances and commercial paper. Upon consummation of the Merger, Apache will assume Mariner's debt, which was approximately $1.2 billion at the time of the Merger Agreement.
On September 30, 2013, Apache completed the sale of its Gulf of Mexico Shelf operations and properties to Fieldwood Energy LLC (Fieldwood), an affiliate of Riverstone Holdings. Under the terms of the agreement, Apache received cash consideration of $3.7 billion, and Fieldwood assumed $1.5 billion of discounted asset abandonment liabilities. In respect of such abandonment liabilities, Fieldwood has posted letters of credit in the amount of $500 million and has established a trust account funded by a net profits interest, which contains approximately $140 million as of December 31, 2015. Additionally, Apache retained 50 percent of its ownership interest in both exploration blocks and in horizons below production in developed blocks, and access to existing infrastructure. The effective date of the transaction was July 1, 2013.
On November 14, 2013, Apache completed the sale of a one-third minority participation in its Egypt oil and gas business to a subsidiary of Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Corporation (Sinopec). Apache received cash consideration of $2.95 billion. This noncontrolling interest is recorded separately in the Companys financial statements.
On June 30, 2014, Apache completed the sale of non-operated interests in the Lucius and Heidelberg development projects and 11 primary term deepwater exploration blocks in the Gulf of Mexico for $1.4 billion. The effective date of the transaction was May 1, 2014.
On December 31, 2014, Apache completed the sale of certain Anadarko basin and southern Louisiana oil and gas assets for approximately $1.3 billion in two separate transactions. In the Anadarko basin, Apache sold approximately 115,000 net acres in Wheeler County, Texas, and western Oklahoma. In southern Louisiana, the Company sold working interests in approximately 90,000 net acres. The effective date of both of these transactions was October 1, 2014.
On April 2, 2015 and April 10, 2015, Apache subsidiaries completed the sale of its interest in the Wheatstone LNG and Kitimat LNG projects, respectively, along with accompanying upstream oil and gas reserves to Woodside Petroleum Limited for a total cash consideration of $3.7 billion.
On June 5, 2015, Apaches subsidiaries completed the sale of the Companys Australian subsidiary Apache Energy Limited to a consortium of private equity funds managed by Macquarie Capital Group Limited and Brookfield Asset Management Inc. for total proceeds of $1.9 billion (net of $225 million in customary, post-closing adjustments for the period between the effective date, October 1, 2014, and closing). Additionally, in October 2015, Apaches subsidiaries completed the sale of its 49 percent interest in Yara Pilbara Holdings Pty Ltd (YPHPL), to Yara International for total proceeds of $391 million. The effective date of the transaction was January 1, 2015.
In the second quarter of 2016, Apache voluntarily changed its method of accounting for its oil and gas exploration and development activities from the full cost method to the successful efforts method of accounting. The financial information for prior periods has been recast to reflect retrospective application of the successful efforts method, as prescribed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 932 Extractive ActivitiesOil and Gas. Although the full cost method of accounting for oil and gas exploration and development activities continues to be an accepted alternative, the successful efforts method of accounting is the generally preferred method of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and is more widely used in the industry such that the change will improve comparability of the Company's financial statements to its peers. The Company believes the successful efforts method provides a more representational depiction of assets and operating results. The successful efforts method also provides for the Company's investments in oil and gas properties to be assessed for impairment in accordance with ASC 360 "Property, Plant, and Equipment" rather than valuations based on prices and costs prescribed under the full cost method as of the balance sheet date. For more detailed information regarding the effects of the change to the successful efforts method, please refer to Note 2Change in Accounting Principle. The Company has recast certain historical information for all periods presented, including the Statement of Consolidated Operations, Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows, Consolidated Balance Sheet, Statement of Consolidated Changes in Equity