AMETEK makes electronic instruments and electromechanical devices for the aerospace and defense, medical, mass transit, petrochemical, power and other industrial markets.
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Book value of equity per share||$20.44||9.2%||8%||13.2%|
|BV including aggregate dividends||12.2%||10.1%||14.9%|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|Most recent||Growth rate (CAGR)|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
|1 year||5 years||10 years|
A company creates wealth for its long-term shareholders in 2 main ways - through dividend payments and through the accumulation of retained earnings. This graph shows the accumulation of per-share equity of long-term shareholders (green bars), which consists of the retained earnings plus all capital invested in the company, and the cumulative dividends the company has paid over time per share of its stock (blue bars).
In the words of Warren Buffett: "We're looking for... businesses earning good returns on equity while employing little or no debt."
Return on equity is a key metric of financial performance, indicating a company's ability to generate earnings using shareholder capital. Over time, ROE is one of the major determinants of the rate at which a company creates shareholder wealth. The average ROE for large U.S. companies is 12%, and many investors use it as a threshold for attractive investments.
Companies can boost ROE by increasing leverage, which reduces the safety of the investment. Therefore, it is useful to look at the return on assets (ROA), which measures a company's earning power regardless of its capital structure. A widening gap between ROE and ROA may be a warning sign that should be thoroughly investigated.
Earnings per share is a popular metric used to value a company (using P/E ratio); growth in EPS is often used to judge company growth potential. However, many investors believe that EPS is an inferior metric to ROE, because it ignores the amount of capital the company used to generate earnings.
Free cash flow shows how much cash a company generates from operations, above and beyond what is required to maintain or expand its productive assets. This cash can be returned to investors, or spent by management on growing the company or paying back its debts.
Balance sheets of many companies contain intangible assets such as goodwill, trademarks, patents, etc. Many investors consider intangibles more difficult to value than physical assets. If intangible assets had been valued incorrectly, they must be impaired, resulting in a loss charged against shareholder equity. This chart demonstrates the potential loss to shareholder equity from such impairments.
Companies often use debt financing to increase their return on equity. However, as the amount of debt financing increases relative to the amount of equity financing, the company becomes more sensitive to down turns and other negative events. As a result, many investors use the ratio of debt to equity as a measure of a company's financial risk, and avoid companies that have this ratio above 1.
This chart shows shareholder equity as a percentage of total assets, allowing investors to judge the overall leverage. Companies with a higher proportion of equity can be viewed as safer investments. This metric is particularly important for highly leveraged institutions, such as banks, where it must be at least 4% according to government regulations.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is known as the current ratio. This metric is a quick measure of the company's ability to pay its short-term obligations. A current ratio below 1 is a warning sign that should be investigated, especially for companies that cannot count on adequate cash flow from operations.
This chart shows the cumulative dilution of investor ownership in a company over time. Dilution reduces an investor's participation in the future earnings. Dilution increases when a company issues new shares, and decreases when a company buys its shares back. Many investors avoid companies with large chronic dilution.
analysis provides insight into factors affecting the Return On Equity of a company.
The DuPont equation decomposes ROE as follows:
ROE = (Net margin) * (Asset turnover) * (Asset to equity ratio)
Net margin indicates operating efficiency, Asset turnover measures the total asset use efficiency, and the Asset to equity ratio is a measure of financial leverage.
The dividend payout ratio tells investors what percentage of earnings a company returns to shareholders, and what percentage it retains and reinvests. This ratio represents a major capital allocation decision by the company, and can be used to judge management rationality. Rational management should pay out all earnings that cannot be productively reinvested. Therefore, a low dividend payout ratio for a profitable company with a low growth potential may be a warning sign.
Many investors use the P/B ratio as a quick way of judging company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - specifically seek out companies with low P/B ratios. However, investors should be careful not to make investment decisions on this metric alone, without considering a company's earning and growth potential, since a low P/B ratio can be a sign of a bleak future for the business.
P/E ratio is a popular way of making a quick judgment of a company valuation. Value investors - followers of Graham and Dodd - often seek solid companies with low P/E ratios as investment opportunities. However, P/E ratio represents an oversimplified approach to business valuation, and can often lead to incorrect investment decisions.
The Company spent $177.6 million, net of cash received, for five new businesses and two small technology lines in 2006. The businesses acquired include Pulsar Technologies, Inc. (Pulsar) in February 2006, PennEngineering Motion Technologies, Inc. (Pittman) in May 2006, Land Instruments International Limited (Land Instruments) in June 2006, Precitech in November 2006 and Southern Aeroparts, Inc. (SAI) in December 2006. Pulsar is a leading designer and manufacturer of specialized communications equipment for the electric utility market. Pulsar is part of the Companys Electronic Instruments Group (EIG). Pittman is a leading designer and manufacturer of highly engineered motors. Pittman is part of the Companys Electromechanical Group (EMG). Land Instruments is a global supplier of high-end analytical instrumentation. Land Instruments is part of EIG. Precitech is a leading manufacturer of ultraprecision machining systems for a variety of markets, including nanotechnology, military, defense and ophthalmic. Precitech is part of EIG. SAI is a provider of third-party maintenance, repair and overhaul services to the commercial aerospace industry. SAI is part of EMG. The five businesses acquired have annualized sales of approximately $142 million.
The Company spent $300.6 million in cash, net of cash acquired and assumed $24.9 million in debt and other long term liabilities (including a capital lease obligation) for seven acquisitions and one small technology line. The acquisitions include Seacon Phoenix (SCP) in April 2007, Advanced Industries, Inc. (Advanced), B&S Aircraft Parts and Accessories (B&S) and Hamilton Precision Metals (Hamilton) in June 2007, Cameca SAS (Cameca) in August 2007, the Repair & Overhaul Division of Umeco plc (Umeco R&O) in November 2007, and California Instruments Corporation (California Instruments) in December 2007. SCP provides undersea electrical interconnect subsystems to the global submarine market. Advanced manufactures starter generators, brush and brushless motors, vane-axial centrifugal blowers for cabin ventilation, and linear actuators for the business jet, light jet, and helicopter markets. B&S provides third-party maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services, primarily for starter generators and hydraulic and fuel system components, for a variety of business aircraft and helicopter applications. Hamilton produces highly differentiated niche specialty metals used in medical implant devices and surgical instruments, electronic components and measurement devices for aerospace and other industrial markets. Cameca is a manufacturer of high-end elemental analysis systems used in advanced laboratory research, semiconductor and nanotechnology applications. Umeco R&O provides third-party MRO services for a variety of helicopters and commercial and regional aircraft throughout Europe. California Instruments is a leader in the niche market for programmable alternating current (AC) power sources used to test electrical and electronic products, with an especially strong position in the high-power segment. Advanced, B&S, Cameca, and California Instruments are part of the Companys Electronic Instruments Group (EIG). SCP, Hamilton and Umeco R&O are part of the Companys Electromechanical Group (EMG). The seven businesses acquired have annualized sales of approximately $230 million.
The Company spent a total of approximately $463.0 million in cash, net of cash acquired, for six acquisitions and one small technology line in 2008. The acquisitions include Drake Air (Drake) and Motion Control Group (MCG) in February 2008, Reading Alloys in April 2008, Vision Research, Inc. in June 2008, the programmable power business of Xantrex Technology, Inc. (Xantrex Programmable) in August 2008 and Muirhead Aerospace Limited (Muirhead) in November 2008. Drake is a provider of heat-transfer repair services to the commercial aerospace industry and further expands the Companys presence in the global aerospace maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services industry. MCG is a leading global manufacturer of highly customized motors and motion control solutions for the medical, life sciences, industrial automation, semiconductor and aviation markets. MCG enhances the Companys capability in providing precision motion technology solutions. Reading Alloys is a global leader in specialty titanium master alloys and highly engineered metal powders used in the aerospace, medical implant, military and electronics markets. Vision Research is a leading manufacturer of high-speed digital imaging systems used for motion capture and analysis in numerous test and measurement applications. Xantrex Programmable is a leader in alternating current and direct current programmable power supplies used to test electrical and electronic products. Muirhead is a leading manufacturer of motion technology products and a provider of avionics repair and overhaul services for the aerospace and defense markets. Drake, MCG, Reading Alloys and Muirhead are part of the Companys Electromechanical Group (EMG) and Vision Research and Xantrex Programmable are part of the Companys Electronic Instruments Group (EIG). The six businesses acquired have annualized sales of approximately $290 million.
The Company spent $538.6 million in cash, net of cash acquired, to acquire Technical Services for Electronics (TSE) in June 2010, Haydon Enterprises in July 2010, Atlas Material Testing Technology LLC (Atlas) in November 2010, as well as the small acquisitions of Sterling Ultra Precision in January 2010, Imago Scientific Instruments in April 2010 and American Reliances Power Division in August 2010. TSE is a manufacturer of engineered interconnect solutions for the medical device industry. Haydon Enterprises is a leader in linear actuators and lead screw assemblies for the medical, industrial equipment, aerospace, analytical instrument, computer peripheral and semiconductor industries. Atlas is the worlds leading provider of weathering test instruments and related testing and consulting services. Atlas is a part of EIG and TSE and Haydon Enterprises are part of EMG.
In 2011, the Company spent $474.9 million in cash, net of cash acquired, to acquire Avicenna Technology, Inc. (Avicenna) in April 2011, Coining Holding Company (Coining) in May 2011, Reichert Technologies and EM Test (Switzerland) GmbH in October 2011 and Technical Manufacturing Corporation (TMC) in December 2011. Avicenna is a supplier of custom, fine-featured components used in the medical device industry. Coining is a leading supplier of custom-shaped metal preforms, microstampings and bonding wire solutions for interconnect applications in microelectronics packaging and assembly. Reichert Technologies is a manufacturer of analytical instruments and diagnostic devices for the eye care market. EM Test is a manufacturer of advanced monitoring, testing, calibrating and display instruments. TMC is a world leader in high-performance vibration isolation systems and optical test benches used to isolate highly sensitive instruments for the microelectronics, life sciences, photonics and ultra-precision manufacturing industries. Avicenna and Coining are part of AMETEKs Electromechanical Group and Reichert Technologies, EM Test and TMC are part of AMETEKs Electronic Instruments Group.
In 2013, the Company spent $414.3 million in cash, net of cash acquired, to acquire Controls Southeast, Inc. (CSI) in August, Creaform, Inc. in October, and Powervar, Inc. in December. CSI is a leader in custom-engineered, thermal management solutions used to maintain temperature control of liquid and gas in a broad range of demanding industrial process applications. Creaform is a leading developer and manufacturer of innovative portable 3D measurement technologies and a provider of 3D engineering services. Powervar is a leading provider of power management systems and uninterruptible power supply systems. CSI, Creaform and Powervar are part of AMETEKs Electronic Instruments Group.
Under its share repurchase program, the Company repurchased approximately 4,755,000 shares of common stock for $245.3 million in 2014.
The Company spent $356.5 million in cash, net of cash acquired, to acquire Global Tubes in May 2015 and Surface Vision, formerly referred to as the Surface Inspection Systems Division of Cognex Corporation, in July 2015. Global Tubes is a manufacturer of high-precision, small-diameter metal tubing. Surface Vision develops and manufactures software-enabled vision systems used to inspect surfaces of continuously processed materials for flaws and defects.
Under its share repurchase program, the Company repurchased approximately 7,978,000 shares of common stock for $435.4 million in 2015.